National Security, Narcotics Control and the Haitian Military
National security has always been a fundamental factor that shapes the behaviour of the Haitian government. It is so for three major reasons: (1) the constitution prescribes that the president upholds the national integrity of the territory; (2) both internal and external security are the foundation for the stability and maintenance of the central government; and (3) because of the historical circumstances in which the country gained its independence - that is, through a revolution fought by slaves. This explains why one had to wait until 1918 - during the occupation by the United States - before a foreigner could legally be allowed to own land in Haiti. Until then, there was a clause in all of the various constitutions of the nineteenth century that forbade this from happening.
KeywordsNational Security Dominican Republic Drug Trafficking Drug Dealer Coast Guard
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