Images of deviant women
has been much criticised (see, for example, Plummer, 1979, pp. 87–9). Nevertheless, the ‘labelling’ approach with its emphasis on the reactions of others has had considerable significance in helping to focus research and develop important new understandings well beyond the adherents of that particular approach.
Deviance is not a quality of the act the person commits, but rather a consequence of the application by others of rules and sanctions to an ‘offender’. The deviant is one to whom that label has successfully been applied; deviant behaviour is behaviour that people so label (Becker, 1963, p. 9)
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.