From Solidaritat Catalana to the Catalan Mancomunitat
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Besides reacting angrily to jokes at its expense in the Catalanist press (see Chapter 5), the Army now reappeared as a pressure group in political life, a development which was unfavourable to the progress of Catalanism since it was considered by the Army to be a disruptive force within Spain and a separatist hotbed towards which the government showed excessive tolerance. Instead of punishing the officers responsible for an attack of 28 November 1905 on the two Regionalist publications, the government of Segismundo Moret, which had succeeded that of the other Liberal faction headed by Montero Ríos, appointed General Luque, one of the field marshals who had approved the Army’s action in Barcelona, as Minister of War. It also tabled a bill known as the Ley de Jurisdicciones (Law of Jurisdictions) in the Spanish Cortes whereby any offense, whether verbal or written, against the unity of the fatherland, the honour of the armed forces or the symbols that represented them, was to come under military jurisdiction. The passing of this law was a threat to political freedom, but above all it put Catalanism in danger of being outlawed. The anti-Catalan atmosphere that reigned in Madrid led Catalan Republican deputies such as Emili Junoy and Eusebi Corominas to leave political rivalry to one side and support the Lliga Regionalista.
KeywordsRepublican Party Disruptive Force Republican Vote Union Federation Lieutenant Colonel
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