Organizational Knowledge and Languaging

  • Georg von Krogh
  • Johan Roos


Individualized organizational knowledge depends on a structural coupling between the individual and the world. This happens in observation, but, above all, in language. The coordination and cooperation between different organizational members, as seen by an observer, exists because of the language they use. This is not a new insight; for two single cells to form a single multicellular creature a ‘cellular language’ is required.1


Organizational Member Organizational Knowledge Language Game Temporal Horizon Observational Scheme 


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Copyright information

© Georg von Krogh and Johan Roos 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georg von Krogh
    • 1
  • Johan Roos
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of ManagementUniversity of St GallenSwitzerland
  2. 2.International Institute for Management Development (IMD)Switzerland

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