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Mongolian Women and Poverty During the Transition

  • Barbara Skapa

Abstract

The spectacular achievements of three generations of Mongolian women under a pro-women socialist policy helped to transform Mongolia from a near-feudal autocracy to a modern state. The modernity achieved by women and the economic and social independence of the female half of the population is being severely undermined during the current period of transition to a market economy. The last few years have been characterised by a loss of well-being for almost all: loss of jobs for many and loss of the social support systems upon which the young and future generations depend. However, the transition has had a disproportionate effect on women: they have lost more jobs than men and they have even lost themselves to the rising trend of maternal mortality.

Keywords

Market Economy Banking Sector Divorce Rate Population Policy Rural Poverty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    O. Enhtuya, Mongolian Women and Information, Ulaanbaatar, 1993.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    D. Munhoo, Current Situation of Mongolian Women and Their Goal in the Near Future, Ulaanbaatar, 1993.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
  4. 5.
    Battungalag, Family in Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, 1993.Google Scholar
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    Altantsetseg, Mongolian Women Lawyer’s Association, Legal Issues of Mongolian Women, Ulaanbaatar, 1993.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Battungalag, op. cit.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    L. Cooper, Patterns of Mutual Assistance in the Mongolian Pastoral Economy, PALD, 1994, andGoogle Scholar
  8. N. Gerelsuren, Rural Development and Women’s Issues, Mongolian Women’s Federation, 1993.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. Cooper, ibid.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Altantsetseg, Mongolian Women Lawyer’s Association, op. cit:Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    B. Skapa, Survey of Small Businesses in Ulaanbaatar, WIBI, 1994.Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    B. Skapa, ibid.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Keith Griffin 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Skapa

There are no affiliations available

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