Mongolian Women and Poverty During the Transition
The spectacular achievements of three generations of Mongolian women under a pro-women socialist policy helped to transform Mongolia from a near-feudal autocracy to a modern state. The modernity achieved by women and the economic and social independence of the female half of the population is being severely undermined during the current period of transition to a market economy. The last few years have been characterised by a loss of well-being for almost all: loss of jobs for many and loss of the social support systems upon which the young and future generations depend. However, the transition has had a disproportionate effect on women: they have lost more jobs than men and they have even lost themselves to the rising trend of maternal mortality.
KeywordsMarket Economy Banking Sector Divorce Rate Population Policy Rural Poverty
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.O. Enhtuya, Mongolian Women and Information, Ulaanbaatar, 1993.Google Scholar
- 3.D. Munhoo, Current Situation of Mongolian Women and Their Goal in the Near Future, Ulaanbaatar, 1993.Google Scholar
- 4.Ibid.Google Scholar
- 5.Battungalag, Family in Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, 1993.Google Scholar
- 6.Altantsetseg, Mongolian Women Lawyer’s Association, Legal Issues of Mongolian Women, Ulaanbaatar, 1993.Google Scholar
- 7.Battungalag, op. cit.Google Scholar
- 8.L. Cooper, Patterns of Mutual Assistance in the Mongolian Pastoral Economy, PALD, 1994, andGoogle Scholar
- N. Gerelsuren, Rural Development and Women’s Issues, Mongolian Women’s Federation, 1993.Google Scholar
- 9.L. Cooper, ibid.Google Scholar
- 10.Altantsetseg, Mongolian Women Lawyer’s Association, op. cit:Google Scholar
- 12.B. Skapa, Survey of Small Businesses in Ulaanbaatar, WIBI, 1994.Google Scholar
- 13.B. Skapa, ibid.Google Scholar