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Francophone Regionalism or Franco-African Regionalism?

  • Daniel Bach
Part of the St Antony’s/Macmillan Series book series

Abstract

The major significance of the regional francophone organisations lies in the close linkages which the former French colonies still maintain with the ex-metropolitan power through cooperation agreements which were signed at independence. During the last thirty years, special relations have on a number of occasions been established between the countries formerly under French rule and those governed by Belgium. In the early 1960s, Zaire, Ruanda and Burundi were drawn towards the regional alliances of the former French colonies. This tendency, reinforced by the shared language and the stand-off policy of the Belgian government, was reinforced by the need for all the francophone countries to present a concerted approach in their relations with the European Community: in accordance with Title IV of the Treaty of Rome, the 18 EAMA (Etats Africains et Malgache Associés) had to renegotiate what became the first and second Yaoundé Conventions.1 At the same time, the joint efforts of the Côte d’Ivoire (which helped Zaire to join OCAM in 1966) and France (active through its Ministry of Cooperation and prepared to intervene in Shaba in 1977 and 1978) consolidated these closer ties in political terms.

Keywords

Monetary Policy African State External Relation French Coloni Mali Federation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    J. Rabemanjana, ‘L’Organisation des Dix-huit, leur coordination, leur rapports avec les autres pays africains’, Revue du Marché Commun, May 1969.Google Scholar
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    Cf. M. Ligot, Les accords de coopération entre la France et les Etats africains et malgache d’expression française (Paris: La Documentation française, 1964).Google Scholar
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    Daniel Bach, ‘Les initiatives franco-sud-africaines de “dialogue”avec l’Afrique francophone’ in ed., La France et l’Afrique du Sud: histoire, mythes et enjeux (Paris: Karthala, 1990), pp. 210–12.Google Scholar
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    Daniel Bach, ‘The Politics of West African Regional Cooperation: CEAO and ECOWAS’, Journal of Modern African Studies, XXI, 4 (December 1983) 601–21.Google Scholar
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    Cf. J. Coussy (Chapter 9 of the present volume), also O. Vallée, Le prix de l’argent CFA, heurs et malheurs de la zone franc (Paris: Karthala, 1989).Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    L. Mytelka, ‘Competition, conflict and decline in the Union Douanière de l’Afrique Centrale’, in D. Mazzeo, ed., African Regional Organisations (Cambridge University Press, 1984), p. 146.Google Scholar
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    Cf. the critical assessment in Banque centrale des Etats de l’Afrique de l’ouest, Union monétaire et intégration économique et financière (Dakar: BCEAO, 1991).Google Scholar
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    Edem Kodjo, … Et Demain l’Afrique? (Paris: Stock, 1986), p. 268.Google Scholar
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    D. Bach, ‘Pour une union monétaire euro-africaine’, Le Monde, 14 January 1992.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Bach

There are no affiliations available

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