Between Fear and Ambition

  • John Calabrese
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)


The policies put forward by the post-Khomeini leadership have been continuously subject to political cross-pressures. The regime’s vacillation in implementing economic reform measures and the contradictory strands of its foreign policy are the net effect of competing demands and formidable resistance mounted at the state as well as societal levels. The impetus for the Leadership Coalition to press ahead with economic reform and adopt a ‘new’ foreign policy has been supplied by the urgent need to act, given the dangerous convergence of the after-effects of a decade of upheaval and mounting adverse demographic trends. Yet, the capacity of the regime to drive policy has been constrained by the multiple political challenges and obstacles arrayed against it.


International Atomic Energy Agency Foreign Policy Foreign Minister Islamic Republic Spiritual Leader 
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  1. 1.
    See, for example, Mansour Farhang, ‘Rafsanjani’s No Moderate’, The Nation, 13 November 1989, 560.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hamid Algar (trans.), Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Berkeley, CA: Mizan Press, 1980) 31.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    For a discussion of the economic policies of the first several years of the Revolution, see, for example, Ali Rahnema and Farhad Nomani, The Secular Miracle: Religion, Politics and Economic Policy in Iran (London: Zed Books, 1990) 235–49.Google Scholar
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    See, for example, SNSC Chairman Nateq-Nuri’s interview with Keyhan, FBIS-NES-92–244-S 18 December 1992, 56–60.Google Scholar
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    Quoted in Sepehr Zabih, The Iranian Military in Revolution and War (London: Routledge, 1988) 254.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    See, for example, The Financial Times (FT), 30 January 1992; The Times, 26 January 1992; and FBIS-NES-92–155 11 August 1992, 57.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Calabrese 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Calabrese
    • 1
  1. 1.Bowdoin CollegeUSA

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