Between Fear and Ambition
The policies put forward by the post-Khomeini leadership have been continuously subject to political cross-pressures. The regime’s vacillation in implementing economic reform measures and the contradictory strands of its foreign policy are the net effect of competing demands and formidable resistance mounted at the state as well as societal levels. The impetus for the Leadership Coalition to press ahead with economic reform and adopt a ‘new’ foreign policy has been supplied by the urgent need to act, given the dangerous convergence of the after-effects of a decade of upheaval and mounting adverse demographic trends. Yet, the capacity of the regime to drive policy has been constrained by the multiple political challenges and obstacles arrayed against it.
KeywordsInternational Atomic Energy Agency Foreign Policy Foreign Minister Islamic Republic Spiritual Leader
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