Skip to main content

The Dialectics of Dixon: The Changing Image of the TV Cop

  • Chapter

Abstract

Policing in Great Britain has always been as much a matter of image as substance. The modern professional police force was only established in the early nineteenth century after nearly a century of abortive attempts by its utilitarian protagonists (Emsley, 1983 and 1991; Palmer, 1988; Reiner, 1992a, Part 1). Sir Robert Peel and the other architects of the ‘new police’ confronted a wide array of opposition, from the top to the bottom of the social hierarchy. This was couched in a rhetoric of concern for the traditional liberties of the English, which were seen as threatened by a police force that would inevitably be a tool of government, an oppressive agency of political and social control.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  • Banton, M. (1964) The Policeman in the Community (London: Tavistock).

    Google Scholar 

  • Binyon, T. J. (1989) Murder Will Out: The Detective in Fiction (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Brogden, M. (1991) On the Mersey Beat: An Oral History of Policing Liverpool Between the Wars (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Chibnall, S. (1977) Law and Order News (London: Tavistock)

    Google Scholar 

  • Clarke, A. (1986) ‘This Is Not the Boy Scouts: Television Police Series and Definitions of Law and Order’ in T. Bennett, C. Mercer and J. Woollacott (eds) Popular Culture and Social Relations (Milton Keynes: Open University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Cumming, E., Cumming, I. and Edell, L. (1964) ‘The Policeman as Philosopher, Guide and Friend’, Social Problems, 12, 3.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Daley, H. (1986) This Small Cloud (London: Weidenfeld).

    Google Scholar 

  • Ditton, J. and Duffy, J. (1983) ‘Bias in the Newspaper Reporting of Crime News’, British Journal of Criminology, 23, 2.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dominick, J. (1978) ‘Crime and Law Enforcement in the Mass Media’ in C. Winick (ed.) Deviance in the Mass Media (Beverly Hills: Sage).

    Google Scholar 

  • Donajgrodski, A. P. (ed.) (1977) Social Control in Nineteenth Century Britain (London: Croom Helm).

    Google Scholar 

  • Dove, G. (1982) The Police Procedural (Bowling Green: Popular Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Dove, G. (1985) The Boys From Grover Avenue: Ed McBain’s 87th Precinct Novels (Bowling Green: Popular Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Dove, G. and Bargainnier, E. (eds) (1986) Cops and Constables: American and British Fictional Policemen (Bowling Green: Popular Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Emsley, C. (1983) Policing and Its Context 1750–1870 (London: Macmillan).

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Emsley, C. (1991) The English Police: A Political and Social History (Hemel Hempstead: Wheatsheaf).

    Google Scholar 

  • Ericson, R. (1991) ‘Mass Media, Crime, Law and Justice: An Institutional Approach’, British Journal of Criminology, 31, 3.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ericson, R., Baranek, P. and Chan, J. (1987) Visualising Deviance: A Study of News Organisation (Milton Keynes: Open University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Ericson, R., Baranek, P. and Chan, J. (1989) Negotiating Control: A Study of News Sources (Milton Keynes: Open University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Ericson, R., Baranek, P. and Chan, J. (1991) Representing Crime: Crime, Law and Justice in the News Media (Milton Keynes: Open University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Garofalo, J. (1981) ‘Crime and the Mass Media: A Selective Review of Research’, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 18, 2.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gerbner, G. (1970) ‘Cultural Indicators: The Case of Violence in Television Drama’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 338.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gerbner, G., Gross, L., Morgan, M. and Signorielli, N. (1980) ‘The Mainstreaming of America: Violence Profile No. 11’, Journal of Communication, 30.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gerbner, G., Gross, L., Morgan, M. and Signorielli, N. (1984) ‘Political Correlates of Television Viewing’, Public Opinion Quarterly, 48.

    Google Scholar 

  • Graber, D. A. (1980) Crime News and the Public (New York: Praeger).

    Google Scholar 

  • Hall, S., Critcher, C., Jefferson, T., Clarke, J. and Roberts, B. (1978) Policing the Crisis (London: Macmillan).

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Joint Consultative Committee of the Police Staff Associations (1990) Operational Policing Review (Surbiton: Police Federation).

    Google Scholar 

  • Knight, S. (1981) Form and Ideology in Crime Fiction (London: Macmillan).

    Google Scholar 

  • Laing, S. (1991) ‘Banging in Some Reality: The Original “Z-Cars”’ in J. Corner (ed.) Popular Television in Britain: Studies in Cultural History (London: British Film Institute).

    Google Scholar 

  • Lee, J. A. (1981) ‘Some Structural Aspects of Police Relations With Minority Groups’ in C. Shearing (ed.) Organisational Police Deviance (Toronto: Butterworth).

    Google Scholar 

  • Lynch, T. (1992) The Bill: The Inside Story of British Television’s Most Successful Police Series (London: Boxtree).

    Google Scholar 

  • Mandel, E. (1984) Delightful Murder (London: Pluto Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Mark, R. (1978) In the Office of Constable (London: Collins).

    Google Scholar 

  • Martin, T. K. (1978) ‘Four of a Kind?’ in H. R. F. Keating (ed.) Crime Writers (London: BBC).

    Google Scholar 

  • Mark, R. (1978) In the Office of Constable (London: Collins).

    Google Scholar 

  • Mason, P. (1992) Reading the Bill: An Analysis of the Thames Television Police Drama (Bristol University: Centre for Criminal Justice).

    Google Scholar 

  • Meyers, R. (1981) TV Detectives (San Diego: Barnes).

    Google Scholar 

  • Meyers, R. (1989) Murder on the Air (New York: The Mysterious Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Miller, W. (1977) Cops and Bobbies (Chicago: Chicago University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Monkkonen, E. (1981) Police in Urban America 1860–1920 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ousby, I. (1976) Bloodhounds of Heaven: The Detective in English Fiction From Godwin to Doyle (Cambridge: Harvard University Press).

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Palmer, J. (1978) Thrillers (London: Arnold).

    Google Scholar 

  • Palmer, S. H. (1988) Police and Protest in England and Ireland 1780–1850 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Pandiani, J. (1978) ‘Crime Time TV: If All We Knew Was What We Saw’, Contemporary Crises, 2.

    Google Scholar 

  • Porter, D. (1981) The Pursuit of Crime (New Haven: Yale University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Punch, M. (1979) ‘The Secret Social Service’ in S. Holdaway (ed.) The British Police (London: Arnold).

    Google Scholar 

  • Punch, M. and Naylor, T. (1973) ‘The Police: A Social Service’, New Society, 24.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rawlings, P. (1992) Drunks, Whores and Idle Apprentices: Criminal Biographies of the Eighteenth Century (London: Routledge).

    Google Scholar 

  • Reiner, R. (1978) ‘The New Blue Films’, New Society, 30.

    Google Scholar 

  • Reiner, R. (1981) ‘Keystone to Kojak: the Hollywood Cop’ in P. Davies and B. Neve (eds) Politics, Society and Cinema in America (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Reiner, R. (1988) ‘British Criminology and the State’, British Journal of Criminology, 28, 2.

    Google Scholar 

  • Reiner, R. (1991) Chief Constables (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Reiner, R. (1992a) The Politics of the Police, 2nd edn (Hemel Hempstead: Wheatsheaf).

    Google Scholar 

  • Reiner, R. (1992b) ‘Policing A Postmodern Society’, Modern Law Review, 55, 6.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Reiner, R. and Cross, M. (1991) (eds), Beyond Law and Order (London: Macmillan).

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Rock, P. (1973) ‘News As Eternal Recurrence’ in S. Cohen and J. Young (eds) The Manufacture of News (London: Constable).

    Google Scholar 

  • Rogers, D. (1988) The ITV Encyclopedia of Adventure (London: Boxtree)

    Google Scholar 

  • Rolph C. H. (1962) (ed.), The Police and the Public (London: Heinemann).

    Google Scholar 

  • Royal Commission on the Police (1962) Final Report, Cmnd.1728 (London: HMSO).

    Google Scholar 

  • St Johnston, E. (1978) One Policeman’s Story (Chichester: Barry Rose).

    Google Scholar 

  • Sayers, D. (ed.) (1928) Tales of Detection (London: Evervman).

    Google Scholar 

  • Schlesinger, P., Tumber, H. and Murdock, G. (1991) ‘The Media Politics of Crime and Criminal Justice’, British Journal of Sociology, 42, 3.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Schlesinger, P. and Tumber, H.’ (1992) ‘Crime and Criminal Justice in the Media’ in D. Downes (ed.) Unravelling Criminal Justice (London: Macmillan).

    Google Scholar 

  • Southgate, P. and Crisp, D. (1992) Public Satisfaction With Police Services, Research and Planning Unit Paper 73 (London: Home Office).

    Google Scholar 

  • Sparks, R. (1992) Television and the Drama of Crime: Moral Tales and the Place of Crime in Public Life (Milton Keynes: Open University Press).

    Google Scholar 

  • Symons, J. (1972) Bloody Murder (London: Penguin).

    Google Scholar 

  • Weinberger, B. and Reinke, H. (1991) ‘A Diminishing Function? A Comparative Historical Account of Policing in the City’, Policing and Society, 1, 3.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Woffinden, B. (1987) Miscarriages of Justice (London: Coronet).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Copyright information

© 1994 Robert Reiner

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Reiner, R. (1994). The Dialectics of Dixon: The Changing Image of the TV Cop. In: Stephens, M., Becker, S. (eds) Police Force, Police Service. Palgrave, London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-23327-4_2

Download citation