Advertisement

Repair of Concrete Structures

  • Lee How Son
  • George C. S. Yuen
Chapter
Part of the Macmillan Building and Surveying Series book series (BASS)

Abstract

Reinforced concrete is generally a very durable structural material and very little repair work is usually needed. However, its durability can be affected by a variety of causes, including those of design and construction faults, use of inferior materials and exposure to aggressive environments. The need for a repair is primarily dictated by the severity of the deterioration as determined from the diagnosis. Good workmanship is essential if anything more than just a cosmetic treatment to the concrete is required.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Related and Further Reading

  1. Allen, R. T. L. The Repair of Concrete Structures. Cement and Concrete Association, UK (1985).Google Scholar
  2. Allen, R. T. L. and Edwards, S. C. Repair of Concrete Structures. Blackie, London (1987).Google Scholar
  3. American Concrete Institute. Specification for Materials, Proportioning and Application of Shotcrete. ACI Report 506.2 (1977, revised 1983).Google Scholar
  4. American Concrete Institute. Control of Cracking in Concrete Structures. ACI Report 224R-80 (1980).Google Scholar
  5. American Concrete Institute. Use of Epoxy Compounds with Concrete. ACI Report 503R-80 (1980).Google Scholar
  6. American Concrete Institute. Guide to Joint Sealants for Concrete Structures. ACI Report 504R-80 (1980).Google Scholar
  7. American Concrete Institute. Concrete Repair and Restoration. ACI Report Compilation No. 5 (1980).Google Scholar
  8. American Concrete Institute. Causes, Evaluation and Repair of Cracks in Concrete Structures. ACI Report 224.1R.84 (1984).Google Scholar
  9. Ashworth, V. and Googan, C. G. Cathodic protection of concrete reinforcement. Proceedings of Seminar on ‘Corrosion in Concrete: Monitoring, Surveying and Control by Cathodic Protection’ London (May, 1986).Google Scholar
  10. Berkeley, K. G. C. and Pathmanaban, S. Cathodic Protection of Reinforcement Steel in Concrete. Butterworths, London (1990).Google Scholar
  11. British Standards Institution. BS 8007: 1987 Code of Practice for design of concrete structures for retaining aqueous liquids.Google Scholar
  12. Building Research Establishment, UK. The Durability of Steel in Concrete Part 3: The Repair of Reinforced Concrete. Digest 265 (1982).Google Scholar
  13. Building Research Establishment, UK. Sulphate and Acid Resistance of Concrete in the Ground. Digest 363 (1991).Google Scholar
  14. Cement and Concrete Association, UK. Repairs to Concrete Structures, Diagnosis of the Causes of Defects and Deterioration. Advisory Sheet No. 60 (1982).Google Scholar
  15. Concrete Society, UK. Underwater Concreting. Technical Report No. 3 (1971).Google Scholar
  16. Concrete Society, UK. Assessment of Fire-damaged Concrete and Repair by Gunite. Technical Report No. 15 (1978).Google Scholar
  17. Concrete Society, UK. Specification for Sprayed Concrete. Publication 53. 029 (1979).Google Scholar
  18. Concrete Society, UK. Code of Practice for Sprayed Concrete. Publication 53. 030 (1980).Google Scholar
  19. Concrete Society, UK. Non-structural Cracks in Concrete. Technical Report No. 22 (1982).Google Scholar
  20. Concrete Society, UK. The Repair of Concrete Damaged by Reinforcement Corrosion. Technical Report No. 26 (Oct., 1984 ).Google Scholar
  21. Davies, H. and Rothwell, G. W. The Effectiveness of Surface Coatings in Reducing Carbonation of Reinforced Concrete. Information Paper IP 7/89, Building Research Establishment, UK (1989).Google Scholar
  22. Fargeot, B. and Jartoux, P. External prestressing in the maintenance of structures. Concrete Repairs, Volume 2, pp. 73–76. Palladian, London (1985).Google Scholar
  23. Greve, H. G. Restoring strength to damaged or deteriorated structural concrete. Concrete Construction (November, 1987 ).Google Scholar
  24. Gunning, J. G. Concrete repair techniques. Building Technology and Management, UK (March, 1980 ).Google Scholar
  25. Higgins, D. Construction Guide: Repairs to Concrete Affected by Reinforcement Corrosion. Publication No. 45.040, Cement and Concrete Association, UK (1984).Google Scholar
  26. Higgins, D. Repairs to cracks in concrete. Concrete Repairs, pp. 23–26. CONCRETE publication, UK (1984).Google Scholar
  27. Johnson, S. M. Deterioration, Maintenance and Repair of Structures. McGraw-Hill, New York (1965).Google Scholar
  28. Leeming, M. Surface coatings for concrete. Construction Repair, UK (Feb., 1987 ).Google Scholar
  29. Little, D. Resin based repair materials. Proceedings of Seminar on ‘Deterioration and Repair of Concrete Structures’ Singapore (June, 1986).Google Scholar
  30. Littlejohn, G. S. Grouted preplaced aggregate concrete. Proceedings of Concrete Society Conference on ‘Concrete in the Ground’ London (1984).Google Scholar
  31. Papworth, F. Inspection and repair, including cathodic protection. Proceedings of Seminar on ‘Deterioration and Repair of Concrete Structures’ Singapore (June, 1986).Google Scholar
  32. Perkins, P. H. Concrete Structures: Repair, Waterproofing and Protection. Applied Science Publishers, London (1977).Google Scholar
  33. Shaw, J. D. N. The use of epoxy resins for the repair of deteriorated concrete structures. Proceedings of Concrete Society Symposium on ‘Advances in Concrete’, Birmingham (1971).Google Scholar
  34. Shaw, J. D. N. Polymers for concrete repair. Civil Engineering, pp. 63–65 (June, 1983 ).Google Scholar
  35. Shaw, J. D. N. Materials for concrete repair. Proceedings of 1st International Conference on ’Deterioration and Repair of Reinforced Concrete The Arabian Gulf (Oct., 1985).Google Scholar
  36. Shaw, J. D. N. Concrete decay: causes and remedies. Proceedings of 11th Conference on ‘Our World in Concrete and Structures’ Singapore (August, 1986).Google Scholar
  37. Shaw, J. D. N. Adhesives in the construction industry: materials and case histories. Construction and Building Materials, UK, Vol. 4, No. 2 (June, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  38. Tabor, L. J. Effective Use of Epoxy and Polyester Resins in Civil Engineering Structures. Cl RIA Report No. 69, CIRIA, London (1978).Google Scholar
  39. Taylor, G. Maintenance and Repair of Structural Concrete. Maintenance Information Service Paper No. 87, Chartered Institute of Building, UK (1981).Google Scholar
  40. Williams, J. T. and Parker, A. J. Reinforced concrete: structural considerations and choice of products for repair. In Dhir, R. K. and Green, J. W. (eds), Protection of Concrete. Spon, London (1990).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Lee How Son and George C. S. Yuen 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lee How Son
    • 1
  • George C. S. Yuen
    • 1
  1. 1.Building DepartmentNgee Ann PolytechnicSingapore

Personalised recommendations