Zaikai — the Organisation of Big Business Interests

  • Albrecht Rothacher


Zaikai, Japan’s business world, consists of four major organisations: Keidanren, the Federation of Economic Organisations; Nikkeiren, the Federation of Employers’ Associations; Nissho, the Japan Chamber of Industry and Commerce; and Keizai Doyukai, the Association of Corporate Executives. There is also a large number of regional and sectoral associations within each of these national umbrella organisations.


Corporate Philanthropy Corporate Member Enterprise Union Tokyo Electric Bilateral Committee 
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  1. 1.
    Chitoshi Yanaga, Big Business in Japanese Politics (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1968) p. 32.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yonosuke Tanaka, ‘The World of the Zaikai’, in H. Murakami and J. Hirshmeier (eds), Politics and Economics in Contemporary Japan (Tokyo: Japan Culture Institute, 1979) pp. 64–78, esp. p. 68.Google Scholar
  3. 7.
    Journal of Japanese Trade and Industry no. 1, 1985, pp. 56–8.Google Scholar
  4. 10.
    See Keizai Koho Center, KKC Brief no. 59, Aug. 1990.Google Scholar
  5. 12.
    Keizai Koho Center, KKC Brief no. 55, June 1990.Google Scholar
  6. 14.
    Eiji Suzuki, in Nikkeiren, Toward Sound Growth: Report of the Committee for the Study of Labour Questions (Tokyo, 1990) p. 1.Google Scholar
  7. 15.
    Nikkeiren, Japan’s Federation of Employers’ Associations (Tokyo,.1982) p.3.Google Scholar
  8. 17.
    Nikkeiren, Current Labour Economy in Japan (Tokyo, 1990) p. 10.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Albrecht Rothacher 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albrecht Rothacher
    • 1
  1. 1.TokyoJapan

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