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The Project of Cultural Revolution

  • Lars Kleberg
Chapter
  • 45 Downloads
Part of the New Directions in Theatre book series (NDT)

Abstract

When the Bolsheviks seized power in October 1917 they had no theory describing the rôle culture and the entire superstructure would play in the future socialist society. Leading Marxist theorists and critics such as Mehring and Plekhanov had developed general ideas on the function of culture in bourgeois and feudal society, and in this area they had made important contributions. The concrete questions of cultural policy that interested the parties of the Second International, however, were for the most part limited to education and cultural propagation within the labour movement under capitalism. Scarcely any thought at all had been given to the question of the active participatory rôle culture and ideology would play, once the working class had accomplished the socialist revolution and embarked upon what Marxist theory declared to be its historic mission of abolishing class society.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    A. Lunacharskii, Sobranie sochinenii, vol. 7 (Moscow, 1967), p. 275.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Quoted in E. A. Dinershtein, ‘Maiakovskii v fevrale-oktiabre 1917 g.’, Literaturnoe nasledstvo, 65 (Moscow, 1956), p. 565.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Vladimir Maiakovskii, Polnoe sobranie sochinenii, vol. 12 (Moscow, 1959), p. 151.Google Scholar
  4. 12.
    Brik’s ‘Khudozhnik-proletarii’ appeared in Iskusstvo kommuny, 2 (1918), p. 1.Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    V. I. Lenin, ‘The Tax in Kind’, Collected Works, vol. 32 (Moscow, 1965), p. 350.Google Scholar
  6. 14.
    Lenin, Polnoe sobranie sochinenii, vol. 32 (Moscow, 1965), p. 24Google Scholar
  7. 18.
    The speech at the Komsomol Congress is in Lenin, Polnoe sobranie sochinenii, vol. 31 (Moscow, 1966) pp. 283–99.Google Scholar
  8. 19.
    Kasimir Malevich, Essays on Art, ed. by Troels Andersen, trans. Xenia Glowacki-Prus and Arnold McMillin, vol. 1 (Copenhagen, 1968), p. 94.Google Scholar
  9. 23.
    Maiakovskii, Polnoe sobranie sochinenii, vol. 12 (Moscow, 1959), p. 510.Google Scholar

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© Lars Kleberg 1993

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  • Lars Kleberg

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