Learning and Communication Strategies
The research in this chapter treats the production and comprehension of speech as a dynamic choice of strategies within a situation, divided into two broad areas of learning and communication strategies. The original interlanguage concept (Selinker, 1972) saw strategies of L2 learning and communication as two central processes. In a learning strategy the learner attempts to bring long-term competence into being, in a communication strategy, to solve a momentary communication difficulty; this distinction resembles the codebreaking/decoding division seen in earlier chapters. L2 strategies have largely been studied through schemes of analysis that list strategies at various levels. Hence much of this chapter has to present and annotate the various structured lists that have been devised.
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