Czechoslovakia in 1968: Climax and Defeat of Reform Communism

  • Ben Fowkes


The attempt made to reform the communist system from above in Czechoslovakia was more far-reaching, and had a better prospect of success, than anywhere else in Eastern Europe either before or since. In order to explain the depth of the movement towards change within the party itself, one must bear in mind that Czechoslovakia had hardly undertaken any de-Stalinising reforms at all in the late 1950s. The thorough and dramatic character of the changes of the Dubček era resulted from their belatedness.


Action Programme Communist Party Central Committee Party Leader Soviet Leader 
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© Ben Fowkes 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ben Fowkes

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