Subject Political Culture as Heritage? Continuities and Changes in the Early Post-War Years

  • Everhard Holtmann

Abstract

At the outset of the occupation and political renewal of defeated Germany in 1945, the Allied authorities aimed at the ‘reconstruction of German political life on a democratic basis’ (see the Potsdam Agreement). Military government as well as those German politicians engaged in the rebuilding of new political parties and of efficient public services were not only concerned to erase the remains of NS institutions and to extinguish Nazi doctrines, but also thought it essential to develop and promote democratic attitudes and values in the population at large. The intention was ‘to provide conditions under which a more democratic life would grow and flourish’ (Gimbel 1960, p.83) by means of de-Nazification and re-education and by the establishment of a decentralized party system and local self-government.1

Keywords

Economic Crisis Autochthonous Kreis 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    See, e.g., Foreign Office (German Section), London, A Report of Some Methods used for influencing Local Government and Civil Service in the British Zone of Germany, 25 July 1949 (Public Record Office, FO 1013/ 435).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Administration, Local and Regional Government, 23 August 1945 (Secret); PRO, FO 1013/649.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mil. Gov. Arnsberg, Monthly Report 1–30, Nov. 45, Appendix A; PRO, FO 1013/661.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Headquarter Mil. Gov. Provinz Nordrhein, A & LG Branch; 20.12.1945, PRO, FO 1013/727.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Protokoll des Parteitages der SPD vom 9. bis 11. Mai 1946 in Hannover, Hamburg 1947, p.41.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    See note 1.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    HQ MilGov for North Rhine Region, CCG (BE), Subject: Morale of the German people (Top secret), 9 June 1946; Public Safety (Special Branch), Monthly Report 4 July 1946; PRO, FO 1073/121.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A & LG Branch Bunde, 16 April 1946, Subject: Progress of NRCS; PRO, FO 1013/650.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Monthly Report October 1947; PRO, FO 1013/443.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    HQ RB Arnsberg, Monthly Report September 1948; PRO, FO 1005/1604.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    HO RB ArnsberR, Monthly Report October 1948, PRO, FO 1005/1604.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kreis Residental Officer LK. Unna, Monthly Report November 1948; PRO, FO 1013/578.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    PORO Special Report No. 134: Germans and Political Parties; PRO, FO 1013/104.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dirk Berg-Schlosser and Ralf Rytlewski 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Everhard Holtmann

There are no affiliations available

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