Dean Acheson and the Japanese Peace Treaty
Less than two years after the end of the Pacific War, the Truman Administration reoriented United States policy for Japan. An old enemy suddenly became a new ally. Few Americans could have imagined such an outcome in 1945. The evolution of Dean Acheson’s ideas about Japan were in many ways representative of the Truman policy shift. Indeed, he was instrumental in bringing about that change. It was Acheson who presided over the climactic San Francisco Peace Conference of September 1951, as Secretary of State. His dexterous handling of the event — the first major international conference to be televised — left viewers with the impression of a reconciliation between the United States and Japan.
KeywordsClay Europe Steam Propa Assure
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Dean Acheson, Present at the Creation: My Years in the State Department (New York, 1969) 423.Google Scholar
- 5.Walter Millis, (ed.), The Forrestal Diaries (New York, 1951) 256.Google Scholar
- 7.Arnold A. Rogow, James Forrestal (New York, 1963) 335–7.Google Scholar
- 8.Acheson, ‘The Requirements of Reconstruction’, Department of State Bulletin, 16, 411 (18 May 1947) 991–4.Google Scholar
- 17.Justin Williams, Jr., Japan’s Political Revolution Under MacArthur: A Partici- pant Account (Athens, GA, 1979) 277–8; MacArthur to Acheson, 16 June 1949, FRUS, 1949, 7, part 2, 780–1; Sebald to Butterworth, 26 July 1949, ibid., 809, 811.Google Scholar
- 62.Matthew B. Ridgway, The Korean War (New York, 1967) 121–2.Google Scholar
- 71.Kumao Nishimura, Nihon Gaikoshi 27: San Francisco Heiwajoyaku (Japanese Diplomatic History 27: San Francisco Peace Treaty) (Kazima Kenkyusho Shuppankai, 1971), 304.Google Scholar