Learning, or the Importance of being Inert: Country Imprinting and International Competition*

  • Bruce Kogut


An unfortunate development in the study of MNCs has been the separation of comparative management from the theory of foreign direct investment (FDI). The narrow effect of this separation has been to neglect the development of an understanding of how the country of origin influences the capabilities of firms and their domestic and international competitiveness. In fact, as argued below, FDI is the expression of the differential organizing capabilities of firms across countries.


Income Indonesia Harness 


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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Limited 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce Kogut

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