Revolutionary Iran’s Persian Gulf Policy: The Quest for Regional Supremacy
The formal cessation of hostilities between Iran and Iraq in July 1988 commenced a new phase of the Islamic Republic’s foreign policy in the Persian Gulf. Even though some states in the region were taken aback by Ayatollah Khomeini’s ceasefire declaration, the overall configuration of politics in the region took on a new shape. The eight-year war with Iraq had destabilised the Persian Gulf, and had led to unprecedented militarisation, with the United States undertaking the reflagging operation of the Kuwaiti tankers. On 2 August 1990, another significant event changed the structure of security in the Persian Gulf: the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. In the era of post-Cold War rapprochement between the United States and the USSR, few observers had predicted this brazen action by Saddam Hussein. Two years after the ceasefire, the Iranian government was faced with the most significant challenge since the inception of the Islamic Revolution. The death of Ayatollah Khomeini in June 1989 had further aggravated the process of foreign policy decision-making.
KeywordsSaudi Arabia Foreign Policy United Arab Emirate Security Council Arab World
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