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The Ideological Context of the Iran—Iraq War: Pan-Islamism versus Pan-Arabism

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Iran and the Arab World

Abstract

Shortly after the Iraqi forces invaded Iran, the Iraqi government issued a worldwide publication in which Tariq Aziz, the Iraqi Deputy Premier, affirmed that his country was not pursuing any ideologically-based expansionist aims in Iran. Qualifying his statement, however, Aziz made two exceptions: the first regarded ‘Iraq’s sovereign rights over those parts of its territory on the Shatt al-Arab’, and the second related to ‘a national aim affecting the Ahvaz or Arabistan region, or, as the Iranians call it, Khuzistan’.1

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Notes

  1. Tariq Aziz, Der Irakisch-Iranische Konflikt: Fragen und Diskussionen ( Baghdad: Dar al-Ma’mum, 1981 ), p. 10.

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  2. Ruhollah Khomeini, ‘On Jihad and the Imposed War’, al-Tawhid (Tehran), Vol. 2, no. 2, 1985, p. 125.

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  3. See, for example, Mir A. Ferdowsi, ‘Der Iranisch-Irakische Krieg’, Beilage zur Wochenzeitung “Das Parlament”’ Vol.42, 1984, pp. 3–15

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  4. Kamran Ekbal, ‘Islam, Nationalismus und Identitätsfragen: Historische, Ideologische und Soziale Dimensionen des Irakisch-Iranischen Krieges’, Peripherie, nos 18/19, 1985, pp. 85–115

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  5. Peter Hünseler, ‘Der Irakisch-Iranische Krieg im Dritten Jahr’, Europa Archiv, Vol.13, 1983, pp. 391–8

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  6. M. Massarrat, ‘Der Iranisch-Irakische Krieg’, Osnabrücker Dritte Welt Schriften, Vol. 1, 1985, pp. 48–87

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  7. and Rüdiger Robert, ‘Der Iranisch-Irakische Konflikt: Krieg am Persisch/Arabischen Golf’, in Jahrbuch Dritte Welt, Bd. 1 ( Munchen: Beck Verlag, 1983 ), pp. 119–33.

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  8. Maxime Rodinson, Die Araber ( Frankfurt: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1979 ), p. 99.

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  9. Ibid. Also, see Richard Hartmann, ‘Islam und Nationalismus’, Abhandlungen der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Jg. 1945/46 (Berlin), 1948, pp. 4–47.

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  10. Fritz Steppat, ‘Die Arabische Welt in der Epoche des Nationalismus’, in Frank Taeschner (Hrsg.), Geschichte der Arabischen Welt (Stuttgart, 1964 ), p. 195.

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  11. Rodinson, p. 112, and Bassam Tibi, Nationalismus in der Dritten Welt ant Arabischen Beispiel ( Frankfurt: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1971 ), p. 189.

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  12. Christine Rajewsky, ‘Der Gerechte Krieg im Islam’, in Friedensanalysen, Bd. 12 ( Frankfurt: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1980 ), p. 21.

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  13. Hani Stour, Die Staats- und Gesellschaftstheorie hei Sayyid Gamaladdin ‘al Afghani (Freiburg, 1977), p. 182f.

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© 1993 Hooshang Amirahmadi and Nader Entessar

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Massarrat, M. (1993). The Ideological Context of the Iran—Iraq War: Pan-Islamism versus Pan-Arabism. In: Amirahmadi, H., Entessar, N. (eds) Iran and the Arab World. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-22538-5_3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-22538-5_3

  • Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, London

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-349-22540-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-349-22538-5

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