Agricultural Production in Swaziland
This chapter focuses on the political economy of agricultural production in Swaziland. Industrialisation cannot be viewed in a vacuum in the Swaziland political economy. It has had a great impact on the agricultural sector in a variety of ways. There is a hierarchy of farming units in the Swazi context deriving primarily from the skewed dichotomy between Swazi Nation Land and Title Deed Land and gradations on each side. On one side, Swazi peasants — including large numbers of women — engage in subsistence/cash-crop production, for which the majority produce at the sub-subsistence level. On the other, white settler farms engage almost exclusively in cash-crop production on a scale by which they can maintain a Western standard of living. They rely heavily on wage labour. However, the settler-estates represent the largest, most productive farming units. They are monopoly capitalist enterprises financed partially by international capital in conjunction with some local capital.
KeywordsSugar Starch Maize Transportation Propylene
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Government of Swaziland, Fourth National Development Plan 1983/84–1987/88 (Mbabane: Swaziland Printing and Publishing Company, 1983) p. 20.Google Scholar
- 4.Food and Agriculture Organisation, Cotton Development in Swaziland (Rome: Food and Agriculture Organisation, 1981) p. 30.Google Scholar
- 7.H. Standing, ‘Gender Relations and Social Transformation in Swaziland’, in M. Neocosmos (ed.), Social Relations in Rural Swaziland-Critical Analyses (Kwaluseni: Social Science Research Unit, University of Swaziland, 1987) p. 136.Google Scholar
- 15.D. Lincoln, ‘South African Sugar Mill Labour during the 1970s’, South African Labour Bulletin, 6, 6 (1981) p. 40.Google Scholar
- 16.B. Dinham and C. Hines, Agribusiness in Africa (Trenton: Africa World Press, 1984) p. 172.Google Scholar
- 36.R. Levin, ‘Contract Farming in Swaziland’, Social Relations in Rural Swaziland: Critical Analyses (Kwaluseni: Social Science Research Unit, University of Swaziland, 1987) pp. 180–1.Google Scholar
- 38.Ministry of Agriculture, Cotton Breeding in Swaziland (Mbabane: Ministry of Agriculture, 1968) p. 1.Google Scholar
- 39.T.J. Kliest, ‘The Smallholder Cotton Sector in Swaziland’, Research paper No. 2 (Kwaluseni: Social Science Research Unit, University of Swaziland, 1982) p. 6.Google Scholar
- 54.Swaziland Cotton Board, Annual Report and Accounts (Manzini, Swaziland Cotton Board, 1988) p. 6.Google Scholar
- 82.Wayne Durdle, Tibiyo Goat Project Reports (Malkerns: Tibiyo Agricultural Projects, 1981–85).Google Scholar