Long Waves and the Dialectic of Innovations and Conflicts

  • Pierre Dockès
  • Bernard Rosier


Schumpeter (1912) argued that economic innovation is at the heart of capitalist development, being inseparable from the accumulation process, and the entrepreneur-innovator plays a decisive role in the process. The object of this chapter is to indicate how this logic should be generalised to other kinds of innovations and prompt us to ask basic questions about their origin. This leads us to view innovations as we are defining them in their relation to social conflicts in the multiple ways in which they structure social relations and social practices. Hence emerges the dialectic of innovations and conflicts.


Economic System Technical Change Social Conflict Orderly Expansion Productive Order 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bettelheim, Ch. (1970), Calcul économique et formes de proprieté (Paris: Maspero).Google Scholar
  2. Bijker, W., T. Hughes and T. Pinch (1987) The Social Construction of Technological Systems (Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  3. re-edited in M. Bloch (1963) Mélanges historiques (Paris: SEVPEN) pp. 832–8.Google Scholar
  4. Boulding, K. (1962) Conflict and Defense, a General Theory (New York: Harper and Row).Google Scholar
  5. Bowles, S., D. Gordon and T. Weisskopf (1983) Beyond the Waste Land, a Democratic Alternative to Economic Decline (New York: Doubleday).Google Scholar
  6. Boyer, R. (1986) La Théorie de la régulation, une analyse critique (Paris: La Découverte).Google Scholar
  7. — (1988) ‘Technical Change and the Theory of Regulation’, in G. Dosi, et al., Technical Change and Economic Theory.Google Scholar
  8. Callon, M. (ed.) (1989) La Science et ses réseaux (Paris: La Découverte).Google Scholar
  9. Callon, M., I. Law and A. Rip (eds) (1986) Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology (London: Macmillan).Google Scholar
  10. Clastres, P. (1974) La Société contre l’État (Paris: Minuit).Google Scholar
  11. Coriat, B. (1976) Science, technique et capital (Paris: Le Seuil).Google Scholar
  12. Dockès, P. (1979) La Libération médiévale (Paris: Flammarion); English translation (1982) Medieval Slavery and Liberation (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press).Google Scholar
  13. Dockès, P. and B. Rosier (1977) Questions aux historiens (Lyon: Presses universitaires de Lyon).Google Scholar
  14. — (1983) Rythmes économiques (Paris: La Découverte).Google Scholar
  15. — (1988) L’Histoire ambiguë: croissance et développement en question, (Paris: Presses universitaires de France).Google Scholar
  16. and in C. Freeman (ed.) (1983) Long Waves in the World Economy (London: Butterworths).Google Scholar
  17. Dosi, G., C. Freeman, R. Nelson, G. Silverberg and L. Soete (1988) Technical Change and Economic Theory (London: Pinter).Google Scholar
  18. Foucault, M. (1975) Surveiller et punir (Paris: Gallimard).Google Scholar
  19. Freeman, C. (1979) ‘The Determinants of Innovation’, Futures, vol. 11 (June).Google Scholar
  20. — (1991) ‘Innovation, Changes of Techno-Economic Paradigm and Biological Analogies in Economics’, Revue économique, special edition on ‘Economie et Histoire’.Google Scholar
  21. Freeman, C. and C. Perez (1986) The Diffusion of Technical Innovations and Changes in Technoeconomic Paradigm (University of Sussex: SPRU) mimeo.Google Scholar
  22. Freund, J. (1983) Sociologie du conffit (Paris: Presses universitaires de France).Google Scholar
  23. Gorz, A. (ed.) (1973) Critique de la division du travail (Paris: Le Seuil).Google Scholar
  24. Habermas, J. (1981) Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns (Frankfurtam-Main: Suhrkamp).Google Scholar
  25. Hughes, T. P. (1983) Networks of Power: Electrification in Western Society, 1880–1930, (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press).Google Scholar
  26. Kleinknecht, A. (1987) Innovation Patterns in Crisis and Prosperity. Schumpeter’s Long Cycle Reconsidered (London: Macmillan).Google Scholar
  27. Mensch, G. (1975) Des technologische Patt: Innovationen überwinden die Depression, (Frankfurt: Umschau); English edition (1979) Stalemate in Technology: Innovations Overcome the Depression, (Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger).Google Scholar
  28. Nelson, R. R. and S. G. Winter (1982) An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).Google Scholar
  29. Rosenberg, N. (1982) Inside the Black Box: Technology and Economics (Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  30. Rosenberg, N. and C. R. Frischtak (1984) ‘Technological Innovation and Long Waves’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, vol. 8, no. 1 (March).Google Scholar
  31. Rosier, B. (1987) Les Théories des crises économiques (Paris: La Découverte) (2nd edn 1988).Google Scholar
  32. Schumpeter, J. A. (1912) Theorie der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung(Leipzig: Duncker und Humblot); English translation (1934) The Theory of Economic Development. (Cambridee, Mass.: Harvard University Press).Google Scholar
  33. Simmel, G. (1908) Soziologie, Untersuchungen über die Formen der Vergesellschaftung (Leipzig: Duncker und Humblot) (5th publication 1968).Google Scholar
  34. Weber, M. (1964) Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, Grundriss der verstehenden Sociologie (Studienausgabe, Köln: Kiepenheuer und Witsch); English translation (1968) Economy and Society, an Outline of Interpretive Sociology (New York: Bedminster Press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Alfred Kleinknecht, Ernest Mandel and Immanuel Wallerstein 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre Dockès
  • Bernard Rosier

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations