Important changes occurred in the region in the first two decades of the new century. Six new states were established: Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland. All but Norway arose out of the chaos in the wake of World War One and the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. It was also in this period that the Scandinavian political systems and the structures of the party systems developed. Scandinavia was by the 1930s on the way to becoming a Social Democratic island in the dangerous and authoritarian world, surrounded by dictatorships of the right and the left.
KeywordsCentral Power Baltic State Diplomatic Relation Weimar Republic Provisional Government
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