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The Decision of Recognition

  • James Tuck-Hong Tang
Chapter

Abstract

On 1 October 1949 Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square. Some three months later on 6 January 1950 the British government accorded diplomatic recognition to the new Chinese government. The decision of recognition, reached earlier by the Cabinet on 15 December 1949, was a very difficult decision for British policy-makers. Obviously London’s stance towards the newly formed Beijing government would directly affect British interests in China, indirectly, but equally important, it would also affect Britain’s position in colonial territories in Southeast Asia. For policy-makers in London all these concerns were further complicated by the prevailing Cold War climate; the communisation of China was a serious problem which had to be considered in the light of not only Britain’s direct interests in East Asia, but also its wider international repercussions.

Keywords

Communist Government British Government China Policy British Official Beijing Government 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
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  41. 106.
    CAB 129/32 CP(49)180, 23 August 1949, Annex A. For a fuller discussion of Western expectation of Chinese ‘Titoism’ see B. Heuser, Western ‘Containment Policies in the Cold War: The Yugoslav Case, 1948–53 (London: Routledge, 1989) pp. 70–75.Google Scholar
  42. 109.
    F0371 75816 F14782 1 October 1949; F15283, Stevenson to Foreign Office, 12 October 1949; 13 October 1949. Legally speaking the terminology of official communications or declaration of recognition can take different forms without using the term recognition. Ultimately it depends on the intention of the government concerned. I. Brown, Principles of Public International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979) p. 93–4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© James Tuck-Hong Tang 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Tuck-Hong Tang
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Hong KongChina

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