Stabilisation Without Structural Adjustment: The Case of Niger, 1982–9
The limited endowment of production factors. Poor soil fertility, the lack of good land and reliance on desperately extensive farming practices were serious obstacles to the development of agriculture. More than two-thirds of the country was desert, and the arable land receiving over 350mm of rain per year averaged only 12 per cent of the total area. Aside from rice production, which was confined to a few projects along the Niger River, food crops (including millet, sorghum, cassava, maize, potatoes and wheat) and the main export crops (groundnuts, cowpeas and cotton) were cultivated using dry-land methods and were thus subject to poor yields and the vagaries of climate. Growth in production resulted mostly from the expansion of farming to marginal lands or the shortening of fallow periods, and not from the intensification of farming methods. Even the average use of manure did not reach 1kg per hectare (SEDES, 1987).
KeywordsInformal Sector Human Resource Development Current Account Balance Fiscal Deficit Modern Sector
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