The Foreign Office, the British Press and Eastern Europe, 1919–48: The Cases of Czechoslovakia and Poland
In the period from 1945 to 1948 Britain moved from a policy of conciliation towards Soviet Russia to a policy of confrontation. The first public declaration of what proved to be the new course of British foreign policy was provided by Churchill in his Fulton Address of March 1946. In that speech Churchill pointed to the alarming implications for Western Europe (and therefore for the USA) of the long record of unilateral moves by the Soviet Union to consolidate her position in Eastern Europe. In that speech Churchill warned against those siren voices which, despite all earlier disappointments, persisted in advocating a continued conciliatory approach towards Russia. He deliberately chose in his speech to employ the highly offensive term ‘appeasement’ to characterise such a position before dismissing it.
KeywordsForeign Policy Royal Commission Territorial Integrity Western Power British Policy
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