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The Foreign Office, the British Press and Eastern Europe, 1919–48: The Cases of Czechoslovakia and Poland

  • Alan J. Foster

Abstract

In the period from 1945 to 1948 Britain moved from a policy of conciliation towards Soviet Russia to a policy of confrontation. The first public declaration of what proved to be the new course of British foreign policy was provided by Churchill in his Fulton Address of March 1946. In that speech Churchill pointed to the alarming implications for Western Europe (and therefore for the USA) of the long record of unilateral moves by the Soviet Union to consolidate her position in Eastern Europe. In that speech Churchill warned against those siren voices which, despite all earlier disappointments, persisted in advocating a continued conciliatory approach towards Russia. He deliberately chose in his speech to employ the highly offensive term ‘appeasement’ to characterise such a position before dismissing it.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Royal Commission Territorial Integrity Western Power British Policy 
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Notes

  1. 5.
    For Beaverbrook’s campaign against the American loan, see R. N. Gardner, Sterling-Dollar Diplomacy (Oxford, 1969) 2nd edn.Google Scholar
  2. 9.
    Count Edward Raczynski, In Allied London (London, 1962) p. 14.Google Scholar
  3. For the quotation see Hugh Dalton, The Fateful Years (London, 1957) p. 239.Google Scholar
  4. 15.
    The complete letter is reproduced in A. J. R Taylor, Beaverbrook, (Harmondsworth, 1974) pp. 716–17.Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    D. McLachlan, In the Chair (London, 1971) p. 222.Google Scholar
  6. 23.
    For an example of such thinking, see Jan Nowak’s record of a conversation with Barrington-Ward, J. Nowak, Courier From Warsaw (London, 1982) pp 251–2.Google Scholar
  7. 25.
    L. Smith, ‘Covert British Propaganda: The Information Research Department: 1947–77’, Millenium: Journal of International Studies (1980) vol 9, no. 3.Google Scholar
  8. 26.
    Alan Bullock, Ernest Bevin, Foreign Secretary (London, 1983) pp.754–6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Council for Soviet and East European Studies, and John Morison 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan J. Foster

There are no affiliations available

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