Welfare: Inequality and Poverty

  • Paul Marshall
Part of the Macmillan Texts in Economics book series (PTEC)


This quotation is from a study of income distribution over time. Even for a simple economy, measuring the distribution of economic gain is very difficult; for a large, developed, mixed economy, in which both public and private sectors exert their influences on income distribution, the complications of measuring distribution patterns are endless. The study from which the quotation is taken is of income distribution in the UK and covers a period during which there were major structural changes to the economy, several exogenous shocks (including the oil price hike of the early 1970s) and major social and political upheavals, including three changes of government. Nevertheless, as the quotation underlines, if we are interested in measuring economic welfare, and its tendency to change over time, we must take account of the distribution of the gains from economic processes no matter how complicated or dynamic they may be.


Social Security Income Distribution Gini Coefficient Lorenz Curve Social Security System 
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© Paul Marshall 1992

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  • Paul Marshall

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