Before the Revolution of 1917, charitable and philanthropic activity was very much an accepted part of the church’s responsibility towards society, which it sought to serve according to Christian principles. Monasteries in particular were not only great centres of pilgrimage and spiritual enlightenment but exercised a valued social ministry in the community. Feodosiy, Father Superior at the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, built a church and a hostel in the grounds of the monastery for the crippled, the blind and the homeless: a tenth of the monastery’s income and harvest was set aside to supply their needs. In many cases, monasticism carried with it social obligations to care for the sick and the poor, to show hospitality and to teach.


Charitable Organisation Social Involvement Charitable Activity Soup Kitchen Soviet Society 
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    N. Orleansky, Zakon o religiyoznikh obedineniyakh RSFSR (Moscow, 1930 ).Google Scholar
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    Genrikh Golst, Religiya i zakon, ( Moscow: Yuridicheskaya literatura, 1975 ).Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1992

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  • Suzanne Oliver

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