An Interest Approach to Resolution of Civil Wars in the Horn of Africa: Lessons from the Negotiations on the Eritrean Conflict

  • Hizkias Assefa


For years, civil wars have been raging in the region known as the Horn of Africa, which consists of Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia and Djibouti. In Sudan and Somalia the wars have progressed from bad to worse with the parties to the original conflict now further divided within themselves and fighting each other. In Djibouti, the situation of latent conflict that existed in that country since independence has now broken out into open warfare. In Ethiopia, the major civil wars appear to have come to an end with the military defeat of the government forces. The final offensive against the government army twarted a process that was underway aimed at a negotiated settlement to the conflict. It remains to be seen to what extent the military victory has resolved the basic disagreements that started the wars in the first place. One wonders if old problems that were ignored when the focus was on the major common enemy, the central government, will now come to the surface and start a new cycle of conflict and violence. It is apparent that the victory of the insurgents has left behind grudges and bitterness on the side of the vanquished, and let us hope that this anger and humiliation does not express itself in violence later.


Conflict Resolution Negotiation Process Territorial Unity Interest Level Civil Strife 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Albert, Jean, 1986. Negotiation Skills: A Handbook, Rondebosch: Center for Intergroup Studies.Google Scholar
  2. Assefa, Hizkias, 1987. Mediation of Civil Wars: Approaches and Strategies — The Sudan Conflict, Boulder, CO.: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  3. Azar, Edward. E. & Burton, John W., eds, 1986. International Conflict Resolution: Theory and Practice Brighton: Wheatsheaf.Google Scholar
  4. Berkovitch, J., 1984. Social Conflict and Third Parties: Strategies of Conflict Resolution, Boulder, CO.: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  5. Burton, J. W., 1987. Resolving Deep-Rooted Conflict: A Handbook, Lanham, MD and London: University Press of America.Google Scholar
  6. Burton, J. W., 1987. ‘International Conflict and Problem Solving’, in D.J. Sandole & I. Staroste-Sandole (eds), Conflict Management and Problem Solving: Interpersonal to International Applications, London: Francis Pinter.Google Scholar
  7. Curle, A., 1986. In the Middle: Non-Official Mediation in Violent Situation New York: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
  8. Fisher, R. & W. Ury, 1988. Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  9. Fisher, R. & S. Brown, 1988. Getting Together: Building a Relationship that Gets to Yes, Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  10. Kelman, H. C. & S. P. Cohen, 1976. ‘The Problem-Solving Workshop: A Social Psychological Contribution to the Resolution of International Conflicts’, Journal of Peace Research, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 79–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mitchell, C. R., 1981. Peacemaking and the Consultant’s Role, New York: Nichols Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  12. Mitchell, C. R. & K. Webb, 1988. New Approaches to International Mediation, Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  13. Rosenau, J. N., ed., 1964. International Aspects of Civil Strife, Princeton, NJ.: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Winham, G. R., 1977. ‘Negotiation as a Management Process’, World Politics, vol. 30, no.1, October, pp. 87–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hizkias Assefa

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations