The Czechoslovak Government and its ‘disloyal’ opposition, 1918–1938
As constituted in 1918, Czechoslovakia was a new state; it was not a large one, and it had no roots in the European tradition. Three distinct regions were included in this new state: the lands of the former Czech crown, Slovakia, and Sub-Carpathian Ruthenia. The social structure of these three entities reflected their history; the lands of the Czech crown had been part of the Austrian Empire, and already presented a marked industrialised social structure. Slovakia and Ruthenia, which formed part of Hungary before the First World War, were agricultural regions where social differentiation was much less marked. Besides ethnic problems, the new Czechoslovak state inherited religious differences which found expression in the many political parties that dominated social life.
KeywordsForeign Policy Communist Party Social Democrat Nazi Party Czech Land
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