Towards the New Germany: the Logic of Rapid Unification and the Social Experiment of Radical Marketization in the GDR

  • Andreas Pickel
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)


With the establishment of a monetary, economic, and social union between the FRG and the GDR on 1 July 1990, two German states with fundamentally different socio-economic orders took their first large step towards a unified, new German political economy. The full political union of the two German states was completed on 3 October 1990 and elections to a new all-German parliament were held two months later, on December 2. The speed and radical character of the changes since the ‘November Revolution’ of 1989 in the GDR, which marked the end of over forty years of Communist rule in East Germany, has taken everybody by surprise — including those political actors whose decisions are shaping the emerging structural and institutional outlines of the new Germany.


Federal Republic German State Economic Union German Unification East German State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    On the role of the Bloc parties under the SED regime, see, for example, P. J. Lapp, DieBefreundeten Parteiender SED. Die DDR-Blockparteien in den achtziger Jahren (Cologne: Verlag Wissenschaft und Politik, 1988).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    See, for example, Andreas Pickel, ‘When Neighbors Redecorate: Effects of Glasnost and Perestroika on the GDR’, Proceedings of the Canadian Political Science Association (Ottawa: CPSA, 1989)Google Scholar
  3. On the role of the state security service, see, for example, Thomas Kleine-Brockhoff, ‘Supermänner des Sozialismus’, Die Zeit, no. 22, 25 May 1990, pp. 11–14.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Two notable exceptions from the West German intellectual community who registered their dissenting voices were Gunther Grass, ‘Kurze Rede eines vaterlandslosen Gesellen’, Die Zeit, no. 7, 9 February 1990, p. 61;Google Scholar
  5. And Jürgen Habermas, ‘Der DM-Nationalismus’, Die Zeit, overseas edn, no. 14, 6 April 1990, pp. 4–5,Google Scholar
  6. Ulrich Greiner, ‘Das Phantom der Nation’, Die Zeit, overseas edn, no. 12, 23 March 1990, pp. 13–14.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    This paragraph is largely based on Nikolaus Piper, ‘Einheit auf Pump. Die Kosten der deutschen Vereinigung sind noch nicht abzuschätzen’, Die Zeit, no. 21, 18 May 1990, pp. 23, 25.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    This has also been emphasized by Ota Sik, ‘Die DDR zwischen Marktradikalität und Planungsdogmatismus’, in M. Heine, H. Herr, A. Westphal et al. (eds), Die Zukunft der DDR-Wirtschaft (Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1990) p. 22.Google Scholar
  9. 17.
    Peter Christ, ‘Balsam und Ballast. Aus den Ostgeschäften der DDR kann auch die Bundesrepublik Nutzen ziehen’, Die Zeit, no. 22, 25 May 1990, pp. 19–20.Google Scholar
  10. 19.
    On the concepts of ‘closed-society’ and ‘open-society nationalism’ see Hans Kohn, ‘Nationalism’, in D. L. Sills (ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. II (New York: Crowell Collier and Macmillan, 1968) pp. 63–8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© William D. Graf 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Pickel

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations