The Europe Community: Seeds of Ambivalence

  • Emil J. Kirchner


The Federal Republic of Germany is usually described as one of the most committed and supportive members of the European Community. Pro-integrationist proclamations by large parts of the FRG’s elites and masses since 1949 and constitutional provisions on the transfer of German sovereignty bear witness to such a description. What this view conceals, however, is a certain amount of ambivalence or tension in Germany’s relations with the Community. This ambivalence derived, initially, from the need to promote simultaneously German reunification and European integration. It also originated from the requirements imposed by a federal system, ministerial autonomy, coalition politics, and an independent Bundesbank. German reunification has, to some extent, heightened the prevailing ambivalence in the German position towards EC integration.


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© Emil J. Kirchner 1992

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  • Emil J. Kirchner

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