For Church, Crown and Empire
When property became the basis for political representation in nineteenth-century Britain, its role in the conferment of the franchise was already being challenged by a new concept of citizenship originated in the ‘enlightenment’ of the eighteenth century: that all people born and residing within the boundaries of a state are citizens of that state, with citizenship rights and duties. The scope, privileges and obligations of citizenship were endlessly debated. In particular, were women citizens1 and should the franchise be considered a right of citizenship? Philosophically, it was difficult (though not impossible) not to answer both questions affirmatively.
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- 17.David Thomson, England in the Nineteenth Century (Pelican, Baltimore, 1966) pp. 128–29.Google Scholar