In order to understand the personality of the navigator who became known in English as ‘Christopher Columbus’ because his name was wrongly translated, and to understand his role as a secret agent of the Order of Christ in the service of King John II of Portugal (1481–95) it is first necessary to analyse some of the remote origins of the spirit of the Templars that exercised a commanding influence over the first Portuguese dynasty (see Appendix 1, p. 508), and continued to do so until the reign of King Manuel I (1495–1521). It is also necessary to understand the Catharism of Languedoc which spread north to the boundaries of Burgundy and, above all, the cult of the Holy Ghost that has always pervaded the faith of the Portuguese. We must also take into account the crucial role played by Jewish science in the phenomenon of the maritime Discoveries.
KeywordsEurope Shipping Ghost Alba Defend
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