Kabul is another world away from the rest of the country; the sole town which really merits the title of city, by its size and the sheer weight of the governmental presence; in Kabul every aspect of the state bureaucracy is concentrated, from ministries to the large education sector, with more than half of higher education places here too. Although the site is ancient, very little is left which is older than a century — a result partly of the burning of the great bazaar area by a British army in 1842, but also of the great expansion of Kabul as the central government gradually got power and wealth over the last decades. Much of the city has been built since the Second World War, in anarchic fashion, up steep hillsides, or along the roads leading out of the centre.
KeywordsSugar Burning Europe Transportation Income
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- 1.Peter Levi, The Light Garden of the Angel King (1972) p. 36.Google Scholar
- 2.V. Gregorian, The Emergence of modern Afghanistan (Stanford, USA, 1969) pp. 345–68.Google Scholar
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- 9.Types of MiGs, tanks and other weapons provided were often the latest models, instead of older ones out of service with Warsaw Pact armies. Useful comparisons of Soviet handling of Afghan arms contracts can be found in publications of SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), The arms trade with the Third World (1971), esp. pp. 501–5, and Pelican abridgement 1975. For a detached Arab view of Soviet arms trade and strategy for influence in the Middle East, see Mohamed Heikal, Sphinx and Commissar (London, 1978).Google Scholar
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