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The Indian Salt Administration under the Raj

  • S. A. M. Adshead
Chapter

Abstract

From the greatest Islamic state we pass to the greatest colonial empire. The Turkish salt administration under the Ottoman public debt administration was part of the synarchic dimension of the European-centred world order. It was therefore international, innovative and modernizing. The Indian salt administration under the raj, on the other hand, was part of the other side of the European-centred world order: direct colonialism by a single power. It was therefore national, conservative and stabilizing, though the stability provided scope for what has been called the modernity of tradition, India’s special path of progress.

Keywords

Freight Rate Credit System United Province Railway Freight Government Salt 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    H. Furber, John Company at Work, A Study of European Expansion in India in the Late Eighteenth Century (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1951).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See Curzon’s remarks to the Japanese ambassador in July 1919, E. L. Woodward and Rohan Butler (eds), Documents on British Foreign Policy, Vol. VI, June 1919 to April 1920 (Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, London, 1956) p. 614.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Somendra Chandra Nandy, Life and Times of Cantoo Baboo (Krishna Kanta Nandy) The Banian of Warren Hastings, Vol. I, The Early Career of Cantoo Baboo (1742–1772) and his Trade in Salt and Silk (Allied Publishers, Bombay, 1978) p. 97.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    A. M. Serajuddin, ‘The Condition of the Salt Manufacturers of Bengal under the Rule of the East India Company’, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh (Dacca), 18:1 (1973) pp. 54–73.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    Sir George Dunbar, History of India from Earliest Times to 1939, 2 vols (Nicholson and Watson, London, 1949) II, p. 556.Google Scholar
  6. 61.
    Sir Richard Dane, Report by Sir Richard Dane, KCIE, on the Reorganization of the Salt Revenue Administration in China, 1913–1917 (Chief Inspectorate of the Central Salt Administration, Peking, 1918) p. 77.Google Scholar
  7. 62.
    Ibid., p. 79.Google Scholar
  8. 63.
    Ibid., p. 150.Google Scholar
  9. 64.
    Sahyasachi Bhattacharyya, Financial Foundations of the British Raj (Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Simla, 1971) pp. 197–202, p. 290;Google Scholar
  10. Sir John Strachey, India, Its Administration and Progress (Macmillan, London 1911) pp. 175–83;Google Scholar
  11. W. W. Hunter, The Indian Empire, Its People, History and Products (Truebner, London, 1884) pp. 452–5, 622–3.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© S. A. M. Adshead 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. M. Adshead
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand

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