Restructuring Structuration Theory: Duality and Dualism in Sociological Theory

  • Nicos P. Mouzelis


Anthony Giddens’ work is both theoretically significant and very influential in present-day sociology.1 The reason for this is very simple. While there are many sociologists who are interested in theory per se, very few have made any marked contribution to sociological theory. As I have argued already in the introduction, by overreacting to the sociological provincialism of the early post-war period, theoretically-minded sociologists in this country are at present so much absorbed, not to say overpowered, by developments in other disciplines (particularly in epistemology, moral philosophy, and linguistics) that they fail to translate the insights generated in such neighbouring fields into appropriate sociological concepts. The theoretical cosmopolitanism that has succeeded the introverted, sociology-centred theory of the early 1950s and 1960s has not managed to provide any systematically useful concepts for sociologists interested in theoretically-oriented empirical work.


Social Integration Structuration Theory Strategic Conduct Sociological Theory Social Object 
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  1. 3.
    A. Giddens, Central Problems in Social Theory, London: Macmillan, 1979, p. 66.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    For the notion of natural-performative attitudes in contrast to theoretical or ‘Hypothetical-reflective’ ones, see J. Habermas, The Theory of Communicative Action, London: Heinemann, 1984, pp. 80–1 and 122–3.Google Scholar
  3. 14.
    D. Lockwood, ‘Social integration and system integration’, in G. K. Zollschan and W. Hirsch (eds), Explorations in Social Change, London: Routledge, 1964, p. 194.Google Scholar
  4. 16.
    See on this theme J. C. Alexander et al. (eds), The Micro-Macro Link, Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1987;Google Scholar
  5. K. Knorr-Cetina and A. V. Cicourel (eds), Advances in Social Theory and Methodology: Towards an Integration of Micro and Macro Sociologies, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1981;Google Scholar
  6. and N. C. Fielding (ed.), Actions and Structures: Research Method and Social Theory, London: Sage, 1988.Google Scholar
  7. 30.
    ‘A relation Rab may be defined as internal if a would not be what it essentially is unless b is related to it in the way that it is.’ R. Bhaskar, The Possibility of Naturalism, Brighton: Harvester Press, 1979.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Nicos P. Mouzelis 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicos P. Mouzelis
    • 1
  1. 1.The London School of Economics & Political ScienceUK

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