Advertisement

Soviet Policy on Conventional Force Reductions

  • Roy Allison

Abstract

The Soviet Union is committed through the November 1990 Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty, unilateral declarations, and bilateral accords with Eastern European states to a very substantial reduction in its conventional military arsenal in Europe and to the withdrawal of most if not all of its military forces stationed abroad. In itself this is a revolutionary programme. But Soviet conventional forces remaining within the frontiers of the USSR are also likely to be significantly restructured beyond CFE requirements in the early 1990s. In the first half of the decade the Soviet military reduction is likely to remain a combination of unilateral and multilateral negotiated efforts, although the balance between the two approaches may be tipped in favour of the former. Unilateral Soviet reductions in Europe are underwritten by the CFE Treaty, although this treaty postponed the issue of military personnel, and unilateral cuts intended for the future in the USSR may be locked into additional East-West agreements. A comprehensive regime of verification and monitoring should be established on Soviet territory, alongside other confidence and security building measures, which will further reinforce stability in Europe.

Keywords

German Democratic Republic Force Reduction Soviet Leader Soviet Policy Force Withdrawal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 2.
    See R. Allison, ‘Reasonable sufficiency and changes in Soviet security thinking’, in P. Gillette and W. Frank (eds), Soviet Military Doctrine from Lenin to Gorbachev (Greenwood Press, 1991); V. Zhurkin, S. Karaganov, A. Kortunov, ‘O razumnoi dostatochnosti’, SShA: Ekonomika, politika, ideologiya, 12 (1987), pp. 19–20Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    A. Konovalov, ‘The military objectives of conventional arms control’, in R. Blackwell and F. Larrabee (eds), Conventional Arms Control and East-West Security (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989)Google Scholar
  3. A. Vasilev, ‘Modelirovaniye ogranicheniya i sokrashcheniya obychnykh vooruzhenii’, SShA: ekonomika, politika, ideologiya, 11 (1989) pp. 52–6Google Scholar
  4. V. Tsygichko, ‘An evaluation of the strategic balance in Europe’, Voennyi vestnik (APN), 12 (June 1988) pp. 8–13Google Scholar
  5. V. Tsygichko, ‘What balance are we discussing in Vienna?’, Voennyi vestnik (APN), 11 (June 1988), pp. 1–6Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    For an analysis of this military debate see P. Petersen and N. Trulock, ‘Equal security: greater stability at lower force levels’, in W. Taylor (ed.), Beyond Burdensharing, The Alliance papers: proceedings No. 1 (United States Mission to NATO, Brussels: April 1989) pp. 67ff.Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    A. Kokoshin, A. Konovalov, V. Larionov, V. Mazing, Problems of Ensuring Stability with Radical Cuts in Armed Forces and Conventional Armaments in Europe (Moscow: Novosti, 1989) p. 5.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    See R. Allison, ‘Gorbachev’s new program for conventional arms control in Europe’, in S. Clark, (ed.), Gorbachev’s Agenda: Changes in Soviet Domestic and Foreign Policy (Boulder Col.: Westview Press, 1990) especially pp. 241–6.Google Scholar
  9. 21.
    See S. Karaganov, ‘The Common European Home: The military angle’, International Affairs, 8 (Moscow, 1988) p. 19.Google Scholar
  10. 22.
    N. Spasov, ‘SShA — zapadnaya Yevropa: novye vremena’, Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 10 (1989), p. 120Google Scholar
  11. 43.
    J. Sharp, ‘Conventional arms control in Europe’, in World Armaments and Disarmament. SIPRI Yearbook 1990 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990) p. 471.Google Scholar
  12. 44.
    See L. Feinstein, ‘Soviet cutbacks after the revolutions’, in Arms Control Today, Vol. 20, No. 6 (July/August 1990) pp. 10–11.Google Scholar
  13. 50.
    International Affairs, 9 (1989), as cited in H. Gelman, The Soviet Turn Toward Conventional Force Reduction (Santa Monica: RAND Corporation, December 1989) p. 42.Google Scholar
  14. 60.
    A. Konovalov, ‘Armiya: vremia i bremia reshenii’, Nauka i zhizn, 3 (1990) pp. 42–3.Google Scholar
  15. 62.
    See A. Arbatov et al. ‘Negotiations on conventional armed forces in Europe’, in Disarmament and Security 1988–1989 Yearbook (Moscow: Novosti, 1989) p. 301.Google Scholar
  16. 68.
    J. Dean, ‘The CFE negotiations, present and future’, Survival, vol. xxxii, No. 4 (July/August 1990) pp. 321–2.Google Scholar
  17. 71.
    A. Kokoshin, Novoe vremia, 33 (1988), p. 19.Google Scholar
  18. 78.
    V. Serebryannikov, Soviet Military Review, 11 (1989) p. 37.Google Scholar
  19. 80.
    A. Arbatov, ‘How much defence is sufficient?’, International Affairs (Moscow), 4 (1989) p. 35.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Council for Soviet and East European Studies and Roy Allison 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy Allison

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations