On 25 April 1974 the Portuguese Armed Forces Movement (MFA) overthrew the right-wing dictatorship that had been in power in Portugal for almost half a century. This coup occurred 13 years after Portugal embarked upon a counterinsurgency war against African liberation movements in Angola. The movements were the FNLA, MPLA and UNITA. Inevitably, the coup in Lisbon had a major impact on the Angolan war, and those in other African countries occupied by Portuguese imperialism — Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde, and São Tomé and Principe Islands. The new Portuguese government soon committed itself to the attainment of full independence by each of these states. Angola’s independence date — 11 November 1975 — was chosen during a conference between the MFA and members of the three Angolan independence movements which was held in Alvor, Portugal, in January 1975.
KeywordsTransitional Government National Liberation Military Assistance Military Support Portuguese Colonialism
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