The Historical Reconstruction of Rural Localities: A New Zealand Case Study

  • Bob Hall
Part of the Explorations in Sociology. British Sociological Association Conference Volume Series book series (EIS)

Abstract

The field of community studies is one that has undergone much change and redefinition in recent years. In the 1950s it was subjected to criticism on both methodological and theoretical grounds (see Reiss, 1954). Methodologically, its essentially qualitative approach was considered to lack the rigour of more quantitative counterparts, whilst theoretically its static, structural-functional theoretical underpinnings were held to lack the relevance of more dynamic theoretical frameworks. As a result, its holistic approach fell out of favour as sociologists became more specialised in their research foci. Another factor to be considered here was the disillusionment with the field that followed in the wake of a long but largely unproductive debate on the meaning of community (see Hillery, 1955 and 1959, Parsons, 1959, Sutton and Kolaja, 1960, Martindale, 1964, Simpson, 1965). These criticisms were then added to through the 1960s and into the early 1970s. In this period, community studies were seen as being ahistorical, non-cumulative, overly descriptive, idiosyncratic and non-comparative (see Glass, 1966, Stacey, 1969, and Bell and Newby, 1971).

Keywords

Migration Furnace Recombination Stratification Petrol 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. K. Arensberg and S. Kimball, Family and Continuity in Ireland (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1940).Google Scholar
  2. H. M. Bahr and A. Bracken, ‘The Middletown of Yore — Population Persistence, Migration and Stratification, 1850–1880’, Rural Sociology, Vol. 48, No. 1, 1983, pp. 120–32.Google Scholar
  3. C. Bell and H. Newby, Community Studies (London: Allen & Unwin, 1971).Google Scholar
  4. C. Bell and H. Newby, The Sociology of Community — A Selection of Readings (London: Frank Cass, 1974).Google Scholar
  5. T. Bradley and P. Lowe, ‘Locality, Rurality and Social Theory’, in T. Bradley and P. Lowe (eds), Locality and Rurality — Economy and Society in Rural Regions (Norwich: Geo Books, 1984).Google Scholar
  6. E. H. Carr, What is History? (New York: Knopf, 1962).Google Scholar
  7. A. P. Cohen (ed.), Belonging — Identity and Social Organisation in British Rural Cultures (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1982).Google Scholar
  8. A. P. Cohen, Anthropological Studies of Rural Britain1968–1983 (London: Social Science Research Council, 1983).Google Scholar
  9. A. P. Cohen, The Symbolic Construction of Community (London: Tavistock, 1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. J. B. Condliffe, New Zealand in the Making — A Study of Economic and Social Development (London: Allen & Unwin, 1959).Google Scholar
  11. K. N. Conzen, Immigrant Milwaukee, 1836–1860 — Accommodation and Community in a Frontier City (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1976).Google Scholar
  12. P. Cooke, ‘Class Interests, Regional Restructuring and State Formation in Wales’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 6, 1982, pp. 187–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. M. Curti, The Making of an American Community (California: Stanford University Press, 1959).Google Scholar
  14. M. H. Ebner, The New Urban History — Bibliography on Methodology and Historiography (Monticello, Illinois: Bibliography No. 445, Council of Planning Librarians, 1973).Google Scholar
  15. P. Gibbon, ‘Arensberg and Kimball Revisited’, Economy and Society, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1973, pp. 479–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. R. Glass, Conflict in Society (London: Churchill, 1966).Google Scholar
  17. C. Griffen and S. Griffen, Natives and Newcomers — The Ordering of Opportunity in mid-19th Century Poughkeepsie (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. R. R. Hall, ‘Land For The Landless — Settlement of the Otekaike Estate in North Otago (1908)’, The New Zealand Journal of History, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1985, pp. 38–60.Google Scholar
  19. R. R. Hall, ‘Te Kohurau — Continuity and Change in a New Zealand Rural District’, PhD Thesis, 1987, Department of Sociology, University of Canterbury, New Zealand.Google Scholar
  20. R. R. Hall, D. C. Thorns and W. E. Willmott, Community Formation and Change — A Study of Rural and Urban Localities in New Zealand. Working Paper No. 4 (Christchurch: Department of Sociology, University of Canterbury, 1983).Google Scholar
  21. R. R. Hall, D. C. Thorns and W. E. Willmott, ‘Community, Class and Kinship — Bases for Collective Action within Localities’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, Vol. 2, 1984, pp. 201–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. R. R. Hall, C. Raper, D. C. Thorns and W. E. Willmott, The Use of Torrens Certificates of Title for Social Science Research, with Special Reference to Locality Studies — A Technical Paper. Technical Paper No. 1 (Wellington: Social Sciences Research Fund Committee, 1982).Google Scholar
  23. G. R. Hawke, The Making of New Zealand — An Economic History (London: Cambridge University Press, 1985).Google Scholar
  24. G. A. Hillery, ‘Definition of Community — Areas of Agreement’, Rural Sociology, Vol. 20, No. 2, 1955, pp. 111–23.Google Scholar
  25. G. A. Hillery, ‘A Critique of Selected Community Concepts’, Social Forces, Vol. 37, No. 3, 1959, pp. 237–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. M. B. Katz, The People of Hamilton, Canada West (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. R. S. Lynd and H. M. Lynd, Middletown (London: Constable, 1929).Google Scholar
  28. R. S. Lynd and H. M. Lynd, Middletown in Transition (New York: Harcourt & Brace, 1937).Google Scholar
  29. A. MacFarlane, Reconstructing Historical Communities (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977).Google Scholar
  30. D. Martindale, ‘The Formation and Destruction of Communities;, in G. Zollschan and W. Hirsch (eds), Explorations in Social Change (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1964).Google Scholar
  31. D. Massey, ‘Industrial Restructuring as Class Restructuring — Productive Decentralisation and Local Uniqueness’, Regional Studies, Vol. 17, 1982, pp. 73–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. G. Neuwirth, ‘A Weberian outline of a Theory of Community’, British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 20, 1969, No. 2, pp. 148–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. H. Newby, C. Bell, D. Rose and P. Saunders, Property, Paternalism and Power (London: Hutchison, 1978).Google Scholar
  34. W. H. Oliver and B. R. Williams (eds), The Oxford History of New Zealand (Wellington: Oxford University Press, 1981).Google Scholar
  35. R. Pahl, Divisions of Labour (London: Basil Blackwell, 1984).Google Scholar
  36. T. Parsons, ‘The Principal Structures of Community’, in C. J. Friedrich (ed.), Community (New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1959).Google Scholar
  37. D. G. Pearson, ‘Class, Reminiscence—A Research Note’, The New Zealand Journal of History, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1979, pp. 83–8.Google Scholar
  38. D. G. Pearson, Johnsonville — Continuity and Change in a New Zealand Township (Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1980).Google Scholar
  39. J. M. Powell, ‘White Collars and Moleskin Trousers — Politicians, Administrators and Settlers on the Cheviot Estate, 1893–1914’, New Zealand Geographer, Vol. 27, 1971, No. 2.Google Scholar
  40. A. J. Reiss, ‘Some Logical and Methodological Problems in Community Research’, Social Forces, Vol. 33, No. 1, 1954, pp. 51–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. J. E. Richtik, ‘Changing Patterns of Land Ownership in Eyreton District, 1853–1968’, New Zealand Geographer, Vol. 31, 1975, No. 1.Google Scholar
  42. R. L. Simpson, ‘Sociology of the Community — Current Status and Prospects’, Rural Sociology, Vol. 30, 1965, No. 2, pp. 127–49.Google Scholar
  43. T. Skocpol, Vision and Method in Historical Sociology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. M. Stacy, ‘The Myth of Community Studies’, British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 20, 1969, No. 2, pp. 134–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. S. R. Strachan, ‘Archives for New Zealand Social History’, The New Zealand Journal of History, Vol. 13, 1979, No. 1.Google Scholar
  46. W. Sutton and J. Kolaja, ‘The Concept of Community’, Rural Sociology, Vol. 25, 1960, No. 2, pp. 197–203.Google Scholar
  47. P. Sztompka, ‘The Renaissance of Historical Orientation in Sociology’, International Sociology, Vol. 1, No. 3, 1986, pp. 321–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. S. Thernstrom, Poverty and Progress — Social Mobility in a Nineteenth Century City (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1964).Google Scholar
  49. S. Thernstrom, ‘Yankee City Revisited — The Perils of Historical Naivete’, American Sociological Review, Vol. 30, 1965, pp. 234–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. S. Thernstrom, ‘Reflections on the New Urban History’, Daedalus, Vol. 100, No. 2, 1971, pp. 359–75.Google Scholar
  51. S. Thernstrom, The Other Bostonians — Poverty and Progress in the American Metropolis, 1880–1970 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. S. Thernstrom and R. Sennett, Nineteenth Century Cities — Essays in the New Urban History (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1969).Google Scholar
  53. J. Urry, ‘Capitalist Restructuring, Recomposition and the Regions’, in T. Bradley and P. Lowe (eds), Locality and Rurality — Economy and Society in Rural Regions (Norwich: Geo Books, 1984).Google Scholar
  54. W. L. Warner and P. S. Lunt, The Social Life of a Modern Community (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1941).Google Scholar
  55. W. L. Warner and P. S. Lunt, The Status System of a Modern Community (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1947).Google Scholar
  56. D. B.Waterson, ‘The Matamata Estate, 1904–1959 — Land Transfers and Subdivision in the Waikato’, The New Zealand Journal of History, Vol. 3, 1969, No. 1.Google Scholar
  57. E. Webb et al., Unobtrusive Measures — Nonreactive Research in the Social Sciences (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1971).Google Scholar
  58. R. Wild, Bradstow — A Study of Status, Class and Power in a Small Australian Town (Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1974).Google Scholar
  59. R. Wild, Heathcote — A Study of Local Government and Resident Action in a Small Australian Town (Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1983).Google Scholar
  60. C. Williams, Open-Cut — The Working Class in an Australian Mining Town (Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1981).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The British Sociological Association 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bob Hall

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations