The US Experience: Education, Nationhood and the Decentralized State
The consolidation of public education systems in the United States began in the North East in the 1830s, during the early phase of industrialization, and extended to all northern states during the antebellum period. The process was more protracted in the southern states, which had only made tentative steps in this direction before the Civil War, and it was not until the Reconstruction period that equivalent systems developed there. Whilst uneven in its regional and ethnic penetration, the spread of mass public education in the USA was a remarkable process, rivalling in its extent that of most European nations and, arguably, more democratic in form than any.
KeywordsPublic Education Private Tutor Public Education System Popular Sovereignty School Committee
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