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The US Experience: Education, Nationhood and the Decentralized State

  • Andy Green

Abstract

The consolidation of public education systems in the United States began in the North East in the 1830s, during the early phase of industrialization, and extended to all northern states during the antebellum period. The process was more protracted in the southern states, which had only made tentative steps in this direction before the Civil War, and it was not until the Reconstruction period that equivalent systems developed there. Whilst uneven in its regional and ethnic penetration, the spread of mass public education in the USA was a remarkable process, rivalling in its extent that of most European nations and, arguably, more democratic in form than any.

Keywords

Public Education Private Tutor Public Education System Popular Sovereignty School Committee 
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Notes

  1. 3.
    S. Showronek, Building a New American Nation: The Expansion of National Administrative Capacities, 1877–1920, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 5.
    See also, G. Myrdal, An American Dilemma, 1944.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Quoted in D. Tyack and T. James, ‘The Law and the Shaping of Public Education. Explorations in Political History’. Unpublished monograph, 1986.Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    F. Engels, ‘Origins of the Family’, quoted in B. Held (ed.), States and Societies, 1985, p. 103–4.Google Scholar
  5. 31.
    B. Rush, Thoughts upon Female Education in F. Rudolph (ed.), Essays on Education in the Early Republic, 1965, p. 28.Google Scholar
  6. 49.
    D. Tyack and T. James, ‘State Government and American Public Education: Exploring the “Primeval Forest”’, History of Education Quarterly, vol. 26, no. 1, Spring 1986, p. 64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 60.
    E. Foner, Free Soil, Free Labour, Free Men, Oxford, 1982, p. 15.Google Scholar
  8. 79.
    C. F. Kaestle, Pillars of the Republic, p. 195. Advertisements for runaway slaves are discussed in E. Genovese, Roll Jordan Roll. The World the Slaves Made, 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Andy Green 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andy Green
    • 1
  1. 1.Thames PolytechnicLondonUK

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