Politics of the Sexes in English and Scottish Teachers’ Unions 1870–1914

  • Helen Corr
Part of the Explorations in Sociology book series

Abstract

There is a substantial body of historical and sociological literature which establishes that female employees have been less likely than males to join trade unions. A lower rate of trade union membership was a characteristic shared by women in a variety of manual and white collar occupations during the late nineteenth century. Most notably in the elementary school teaching profession, females formed the majority of the workforce in both England and Scotland, but were in a minority in the Educational Institute of Scotland (EIS) and the National Union of Teachers (NUT). The EIS and NUT constituted the largest professional organisations for elementary certificated teachers in Scotland and England in the late Victorian period. This paper will examine a series of ideological factors underpinning women teachers’ reluctance to join professional organisations, and the controversial issue of equal pay will form the central theme.

Keywords

Assimilation Arena Defend Concession Monopoly 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. ANDERSON, R. (1983), Education and Opportunity in Victorian Scotland (Oxford: Clarendon Press).Google Scholar
  2. COPELMAN, D. (1985), ‘Women in the Classroom Struggle: Elementary Teachers in London’, unpublished Ph.D. thesisGoogle Scholar
  3. CORR, H. (1983), ‘The Gender Division of Labour in the Scottish Teaching Profession 1872–1914’, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Edinburgh University.Google Scholar
  4. CORR, H. (1983), ‘The schoolgirl’s curriculum and the ideology of the home 1870–1914’ in Glasgow Women’s Studies Group (ed) Uncharted lives (Glasgow: Pressgang).Google Scholar
  5. CORR, H. (1983), ‘The Sexual Division of Labour in the Scottish Teaching Profession 1872–1914’, in W. Humes and H. Paterson (eds), Scottish Culture and Scottish Education, 1800–1980 (John Donald).Google Scholar
  6. DRAKE, B. (1920), Women in Trade Unions (Labour Research Department).Google Scholar
  7. HYMAN, R. and PRICE, R. (1983), The New Working Class: White Collar Workers and their Organisations (Basingstoke: Macmillan).Google Scholar
  8. LITTLEWOOD, M. (1985), ‘Makers of Men’, Trouble and Strife, 5, Spring pp. 23–9.Google Scholar
  9. ORAM, A. (1984), ‘Sex Antagonism in the Teaching Profession: Employment issues and the woman teacher in Elementary Education 1910–1939’, unpublished M.Sc. thesis, University of Bristol.Google Scholar
  10. PARTINGTON, G. (1976), Women teachers in the twentieth century (National Foundation for Educational Research).Google Scholar
  11. PIEROTTI, A. M. (1963), The Story of the National Union of Women Teachers, published by the NUWT.Google Scholar
  12. TROPP, A. (1957), The School Teachers (London: William Heinemann).Google Scholar
  13. WEBB, B. (1915), ‘English Teachers and Their Professional Organisations’, in The New Statesman, vol. 5 no. 129, special supplement.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© British Sociological Association 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen Corr

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations