Enhanced Security Through Enhanced Force

  • Ian M. Cuthbertson
  • David Robertson


One obvious way to increase the security of European powers in a less nuclear environment is to increase their armaments to create some form of conventional deterrence. An increase by some powers may be a solution, that is if a serious East-West asymmetry exists. There is, however, a rather complex problem involved here. Even if one were satisfied with a balance of forces at time T and prepared indefinitely to pay for this balance, it does not follow that no extra steps would need to be taken to maintain the given level of security.


Weapon System European Security Nuclear Environment Security Pact Technological Leap 
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  1. 2.
    Technically this is incorrect — there was a quantitative naval arms race between the two powers, but Britain, by building the first dreadnought (an ‘all big gun’ battleship), added a qualitative aspect to the race. See Leonard Wainstein, ‘The Dreadnought Gap’, in Robert J. Art and K. N. Waltz, eds, The Use of Force (Boston: Little, Brown, 1971).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    See Michael Howard’s seminal study The Franco-Prussian War (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1968).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute for East-West Security Studies 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian M. Cuthbertson
    • 1
  • David Robertson
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for East-West Security StudiesUK
  2. 2.St Hugh’s CollegeOxfordUK

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