Enhanced Security Through Enhanced Force
One obvious way to increase the security of European powers in a less nuclear environment is to increase their armaments to create some form of conventional deterrence. An increase by some powers may be a solution, that is if a serious East-West asymmetry exists. There is, however, a rather complex problem involved here. Even if one were satisfied with a balance of forces at time T and prepared indefinitely to pay for this balance, it does not follow that no extra steps would need to be taken to maintain the given level of security.
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- 2.Technically this is incorrect — there was a quantitative naval arms race between the two powers, but Britain, by building the first dreadnought (an ‘all big gun’ battleship), added a qualitative aspect to the race. See Leonard Wainstein, ‘The Dreadnought Gap’, in Robert J. Art and K. N. Waltz, eds, The Use of Force (Boston: Little, Brown, 1971).Google Scholar
- 3.See Michael Howard’s seminal study The Franco-Prussian War (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1968).Google Scholar