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Infiltration and Percolation

  • E. M. Wilson
Chapter

Abstract

When rain falls upon the ground it first of all wets the vegetation or the bare soil. When the surface cover is completely wet, subsequent rain must either penetrate the surface layers if the surface is permeable, or run off the surface towards a stream channel if the surface is impermeable.

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References

  1. 1.
    Nassif, S. H. and Wilson, E. M. The influence of slope and rain intensity on runoff and infiltration. Bull. Int. Assoc. Sci. Hydrol., 20, No. 4 (1976).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Horton, R. E. The role of infiltration in the hydrologic cycle. Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 14, ((1933) 443–60Google Scholar
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    Bouchardeau, A. and Rodier, J. Nouvelle Méthode de détermination de la capacité d’absorption en terrains perméables. La Houille Blanche, No. A (July/August 1960) 531–6Google Scholar
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    Sor, K. and Bertrand, A. R. Effects of rainfall energy on the permeability of soils. Proc. Am. Soc. Soil Sci., 26, No. 3 (1962)Google Scholar
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    Horton, R. E. Determination of infiltration capacity for large drainage basins. Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 18, (1937) 371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Sherman, L. K. Comparison of F-curves derived by the methods of Sharp and Holtan and of Sherman and Mayer. Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 24, No. 2 (1943) 465MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Butler, S. S. Engineering Hydrology, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1957Google Scholar
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    Linsley, R. K., Kohler, M. A. and Paulhus, J. L. H. Hydrology for Engineers, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1958, p. 162Google Scholar
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Further reading

  1. Bell, J. P. Neutron probe practice. Report No. 19, Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford, United KingdomGoogle Scholar
  2. Grindley, J. Estimation of soil moisture deficits. Meteorological Magazine, 96, (1967) 97Google Scholar
  3. Grindley, J. Estimation and mapping of evaporation. Int. Assoc. Sci. Hydrol. Symposium on World Water Balance, Reading. IASH Publication 92, 1970, pp. 200–213Google Scholar
  4. Horton, R. E. Analyses of runoff-plot experiments with varying infiltration capacity. Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, Part IV, (1939) 693Google Scholar
  5. Penman, H. L. The dependence of transpiration on weather and soil conditions, J. Soil Sci., 1, (1949) 74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Wilm, H. G. Methods for the measurements of infiltration. Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, Part III,(1941) 678Google Scholar

Copyright information

© E. M. Wilson 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. M. Wilson
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SalfordUK

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