Friedrich Engels

Part of the The New Palgrave book series (NPA)


Born in Barmen, the eldest son of a textile manufacturer in Westphalia, Engels (1820–1895) was trained for a merchant’s profession. From school onwards however, he developed radical literary ambitions which eventually brought him into contact with the Young Hegelian circle in Berlin in 1841. In 1842, Engels left for England to work in his father’s Manchester firm. Already converted by Moses Hess to a belief in ‘communism’ and the imminence of an English social revolution, he used his two-year stay to study the conditions which would bring it about. From this visit, came two works which were to make an important contribution to the formation of Marxian socialism: ‘Outlines of a Critique of Political Economy’ (generally called the ‘Umrisse’) published in 1844 and The Condition of the Working Class in England, published in Leipzig in 1845.


Political Economy Private Property Holy Family Marxian Economic Illegible Handwriting 
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Selected Works

  1. 1843. Outlines of a Critique of Political Economy. In Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Collected Works [MECW], Vol. III, London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1975.Google Scholar
  2. 1845. The Condition of the Working Class in England. MECW, Vol. IV, London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1975.Google Scholar
  3. 1859. Karl Marx, A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy. MECW, Vol. XVI, London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1976.Google Scholar
  4. 1877. Anti-Dühring. Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1954.Google Scholar
  5. 1894. The Peasant Question in France and Germany. In Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Selected Works, Vol. 3, Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1970.Google Scholar
  6. n.d. Engels on Capital. London: Lawrence & Wishart.Google Scholar


  1. Claeys, G. 1984. Engels’ Outlines of a critique of political economy (1843) and the origins of the Marxist critique of capitalism. History of Political Economy 16(2), Summer, 207–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Levine, N. 1984. Dialogue within Dialectics. London: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  3. Marx, K. and Engels, F. 1844. The Holy Family. In Collected Works, Vol. IV.Google Scholar
  4. Marx, K. 1859. Contribution to a Critique of Political Economy: preface. In Marx-Engels, Collected Works (MECW), vol. XV.Google Scholar
  5. Marx, K. 1873. Capital, Vol. I, 2nd edn. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976.Google Scholar
  6. Marx, K. 1894. Capital, Vol. III. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1981.Google Scholar
  7. Rubel, M. (ed.) 1968. Karl Marx, Oeuvres, Vol. II. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  8. Rubin, I. 1928. Essays on Marx’s Theory of Value. Detroit: Black & Red, 1972.Google Scholar
  9. Stedman Jones, G. 1977. Engels and the history of Marxism. In The History of Marxism, ed. E.J. Hobsbawm, Hassocks: Harvester, 1983.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1990

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