Lawrence’s Writing and the Context of Modernism

  • Allan Ingram
Part of the The Language of Literature book series (LALI)


This is Lawrence writing to a friend from his cottage near St Ives. It is the spring of 1917.


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    Michael Bell (ed.), The Context of English Literature: 1900–1930 (London: Methuen, 1980), p. 70.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. R. Leavis, D.H. Lawrence, Novelist (London: Chatto and Windus, 1955), p. 152.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    In traditional grammar, a ‘complement’ completes a sentence in which the main verb is one of being, seeing, becoming, feeling, etc — ‘The cat is black’, ‘The woman feels sad’. It is distinguished from an ‘object’, which is the item on which the action of the sentence is performed — ‘He kicked the cat’. In systemic linguistics, however, the ‘complement’ is ‘the part of a sentence which answers the question “Who or what?... after the verb’ (Margaret Berry, An Introduction to Systemic Linguistics: Volume 1, Structures and Systems (London: Batsford, 1975), p. 64).Google Scholar
  4. Norman Blake, Traditional English Grammar and Beyond (London: Macmillan, 1988).Google Scholar
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    James Joyce, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1962 edn), p. 221.Google Scholar
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    Henry James, The Portrait of a Lady (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963 edn), p. xiii.Google Scholar
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    Jacob Korg, Language in Modern Literature: Innovation and Experiment (Brighton: Harvester, 1979), p. 6.Google Scholar
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  10. 15.
    Octavio Paz, Children of the Mire, tr. R. Phillips (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974), p. 148Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allan Ingram 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allan Ingram
    • 1
  1. 1.Newcastle upon Tyne PolytechnicUK

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