The Heart of Satyagraha: A Quest for Inner Dignity, not Political Power

  • Paul Mundschenk

Abstract

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the Mahatma, called a meeting of the Congress workers of the Bardoli District for Friday, February 10 1922. The entire country seemed poised on the threshold of resolute action: they were about to begin a campaign of civil disobedience by refusing to pay taxes, a campaign which was to be launched in Bardoli and which many felt had the potential of crippling the mighty British Raj, and thereby winning swaraj, or self-rule, for the Indian people. It was the final phase of the non-cooperation movement begun early in 1921, and Gandhi himself had forecast the consequences of the Bardoli campaign with these words: ‘When the Swaraj flag floats victoriously at Bardoli, then the people of the district next to Bardoli … should seek to plant the flag of Swaraj in their midst. Thus in district after district, in regular succession, throughout the length and breadth of India, shall the Swaraj flag be hoisted.’1 There were even those within the government who felt that this campaign could not be handled, that ‘Bardoli was checkmate’, as one civil servant put it.2

Keywords

Burning Steam Mold Germinate Assure 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Mohandas K. Gandhi. Cited in Geoffrey Ashe, Gandhi: A Study in Revolution (London: Heinemann, 1968) pp. 228–9.Google Scholar
  2. 8.
    Gandhi, ‘The Doctrine of the Sword’, Young India, August 4 1920; Works, vol. xviii, pp. 131–4Google Scholar
  3. 11.
    Jawaharlal Nehru. Quoted in Rajani Palme Dutt, ‘Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement: A Marxist View’, in Martin Deming Lewis (ed.), Gandhi: Maker of Modern India (Boston: D. C. Heath and Company, 1965) p. 31.Google Scholar
  4. 12.
    Gandhi (drafter), ‘Resolutions at the AICC Meeting, Bozwada’, March 31 1921. The Hindu, April 1 1921. Works, vol. xix, p. 497.Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    Gandhi, ‘A Protest Against Burning’, Young India, September 15 1921; Works, vol. xxi, p. 102.Google Scholar
  6. 14.
    Gandhi, ‘Appeal to Bombay Citizens’, Young India, November 24 1921; Works, vol. xxi, p. 466.Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    Gandhi, ‘Speech at Bardoli Taluka Conference’, January 29 1922, Navajivan, February 2 1922; Works, vol. XXII, p. 294.Google Scholar
  8. 17.
    Gandhi, ‘Letter to Jawaharlal Nehru’, February 19 1922. In Nehru, A Bunch of Old Letters (Bombay: Asia Publishing House, 1958)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Claremont Graduate School 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Mundschenk

There are no affiliations available

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