Striving to Become ‘Number 1’: Japanese Foreign Policy, 1945 to the Present

  • William R. Nester


Ever since Commodore Perry and his ‘black ships’ dragged Japan into the world economy in 1854, Japanese governments have been obsessed with achieving four inter-related foreign policy goals. The first has been to carve out a niche in the international system large enough to ensure Japan’s economic and military security. Although Japan was self-sufficient before joining the world economy, its dependence on, and vulnerability to cut-offs of, foreign markets, raw materials and technology has deepened steadily since then. Tokyo has continually striven to reduce the vulnerability that accompanies dependence on the world economy.


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Copyright information

© William R. Nester 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • William R. Nester
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Oriental and African StudiesUniversity of LondonUK

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