Striving to Become ‘Number 1’: Japanese Foreign Policy, 1945 to the Present
Ever since Commodore Perry and his ‘black ships’ dragged Japan into the world economy in 1854, Japanese governments have been obsessed with achieving four inter-related foreign policy goals. The first has been to carve out a niche in the international system large enough to ensure Japan’s economic and military security. Although Japan was self-sufficient before joining the world economy, its dependence on, and vulnerability to cut-offs of, foreign markets, raw materials and technology has deepened steadily since then. Tokyo has continually striven to reduce the vulnerability that accompanies dependence on the world economy.
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