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Societies in which orders are effective; Societies in which they are not

  • Shoichi Watanabe

Abstract

During the Korean war the Chinese armies came to the aid of the North Koreans, and in order to hit at Mao Tse-Tung’s bases, General of the Army Douglas Mac Arthur insisted on bombing Manchuria (in northeastern China) and blockading the China Sea coast. He also advocated the use of Chiang Kai-shek’s Kuomintang Army from Taiwan. President Truman feared that this plan would turn a localised conflict into global war and tried to dissuade him. He went out to Wake Island to discuss this with MacArthur. MacArthur did not want to listen; whereupon Truman dismissed him and made Lt-General Ridgeway Supreme Commander. Japanese who had known the Japanese Army in pre-war days saw with their own eyes how thoroughly effective orders were in America and they could not help thinking, with a feeling of respect, ‘Well, they certainly do things differently in America!’ In pre-war days the Japanese Government had undergone many painful and humiliating experiences as a result of the disobedience of the military.

Keywords

Central Government Prime Minister Field Officer General Staff Village Elder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kodansha 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shoichi Watanabe
    • 1
  1. 1.Sophia UniversityTokyoJapan

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