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The Ordo Manifesto of 1936

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Abstract

Nowadays complaints are widespread that law and political economy are lagging behind events, that they do not make any formative contribution and that they no longer constitute an intellectual force. To disregard such criticism is to fail completely to appreciate the gravity of the situation, for it is true that in Germany these two sciences no longer exercise any appreciable influence on fundamental decisions of a politico-legal and economic nature. Anyone who asserts that this has always been the case is mistaken. Law and political economy were once formative forces which exercised considerable influence—for instance, on the reconstruction of the legal and economic system which has taken place in all civilised countries since the end of the eighteenth century. Only in the course of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century did they gradually forfeit their leading positions.

Keywords

  • Political Economy
  • Economic Constitution
  • Unfair Competition
  • German Nation
  • Free Competition

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In the original version, there were no notes and references. These have been added by the editors in the translated version in so far as it has been possible to identify them.

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-349-20145-7_2
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Notes and References

  1. Albrecht Forstmann, Der Kampf um den Internationalen Handel (Berlin: Haude & Spenersche Buchhandlung, 1935) p. 5. The author adhered first to National Socialism but changed his mind comparatively early. This book was a somewhat peculiar hidden attack on National Socialism with the author using phrases which seemingly praised the regime. After a while, Forstmann was put into a concentration camp but he survived and became Professor of Economics in Berlin.

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  2. Friedrich Carl von Savigny, Vom Beruf unserer Zeit für Gesetzgebung und Rechtswissenshaft, 1st edn, 1814. Reprint of the third edition of 1840 (Freiburg im Breisgau: J. C. B. Mohr [Paul Siebeck], 1892) pp. 7 and 9.

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  3. Karl Geiler, ‘Die wirtschaftsrechtliche Methode im Gesellschaftsrecht’, in Karl Predari, Franz Schlegelberger and Martin Wolff (eds), Beiträge zur Erläuterung des Deutschen Rechts, new series 5 (Berlin: Franz Vahlen, 1927) p. 596.

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  4. Karl Marx, Das Kapital, Vol. 1. Preface to the first edition of 1867 (reprinted Berlin: Dietz Verlag, 1951) p. 7–8.

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  5. This was a group of intellectuals who published a monthly periodical entitled Die Tat. They were radical Nazis. For further details see Wilhelm Röpke, The German Question (London: Allen & Unwin, 1946) p. 65–6.

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  6. Werner Sombart, Der moderne Kapitalismus, Vol. 2, 2nd edn (Munich and Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1917) p. 4.

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  7. Gustav Schmoller, Grundriss der Allgemeinen Volkswirtschaftslehre, Part II, 2nd edn (Munich and Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1923) p. 774.

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© 1989 Trade Policy Research Centre

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Böhm, F., Eucken, W., Grossmann-Doerth, H. (1989). The Ordo Manifesto of 1936. In: Peacock, A., Willgerodt, H. (eds) Germany’s Social Market Economy: Origins and Evolution. Trade Policy Research Centre. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-20145-7_2

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