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The Literary Press

  • Julian Graffy
Part of the Studies in Russia and East Europe book series (SREE)

Abstract

The most remarkable development in Soviet publishing over the last three years has been the breathtaking transformation of the majority of the literary journals. The two currently most exciting journals, Novy mir and Znamia, have been utterly rejuvenated by their new chief editors. The veteran writer, Sergei Zalygin, has been editor-in-chief of Novy mir since the issue for October 1986. At the beginning of 1987 he brought on to the editorial board the journalist and story-writer Anatolii Strelianyi, the poet Oleg Chukhontsev and others. Novyi mir (circulation in January 1988 1 150 000, up from 496 100 in December 1987),1 has published Platonov’s The Foundation Pit (1987, 6), Bulgakov’s To A Secret Friend (1987, 8), Bitov’s Pushkin House (1987, 10–12), Shatrov’s The Peace of Brest-Litovsk (1987, 4), Brodskii’s poetry (1987, 12) and Doctor Zhivago (1988, 1–4). Grigorii Baklanov, another writer-editor, in charge at Znamia since August 1986, has co-opted Vladimir Lashkin, a key figure on Tvardovskii’s editorial board at the old Novyi mir and the urban writer Vladimir Makanin to the board. Unlike Novyi mir, Znamia has no glorious traditions to look back to, and its sudden dynamism has taken readers by surprise. Its 1988 circulation of 500 000 is up from 175 000 in 1985. It has published Alesandr Bek’s A New Assignment (1986, 10–11), Platonov’s The Juvenile Sea (1986, 6), Bulgakov’s The Heart of a Dog (1987, 6), Pil’niak’s The Tale of the Unextinguished Moon (1987, 12), Shatrov’s OnwardOnwardOnward! (1988, 1) and Zamiatin’s We (1988, 4–5).

Keywords

Publishing House Editorial Board Chief Editor Literary Journal Young Writer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes and References

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    It should be stressed that in this endeavour Soviet journals are belatedly following in the courageous footsteps of samizdat and of émigré publishers, in particular the Pamiat’ (Memory — the very title is indicative of their aims) and Minuvshee volumes. Five issues of Pamiat’ appeared first in samizdat and then in New York and Paris between 1976 and 1982. Six volumes of Minuvshee have appeared in Paris between 1986 and the time of writing. These excellently edited volumes remain the major source for the dark places of Soviet literary (and not only literary) history. On literary history in Pamiat’, see J. Graffy, ‘Ogosudarstvlenie’, Sbornik, Leeds, 9, 1983, pp. 97–107.Google Scholar
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  86. This version of the letter is far longer than the one in V. Polikarpov, ‘Fedor Raskol’nikov’, Ogonek, 1987, 26, pp. 6–7, but omits the last half sentence (included in the Ogonek version) in which Raskol’nikov calls Stalin ‘a traitor to socialism and revolution, the chief wrecker, a true enemy of the people, organiser of the famine and the judicial forgeries.’ This sentence was restored in the third publication of the letter, in Nedelia, 1988, 26, pp. 6–7, which gives the letter in full. Raskol’nikov’s story ‘Rasskaz o poteriannom dne’ is in V mire knig, 1988, 3, pp. 59–63, his ‘Bratanie’ in Knizhnoe obozrenie, 1987, 45, pp. 8–10.Google Scholar
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© School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University of London 1989

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  • Julian Graffy

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