Who Needs Ocean-going Navies?

  • James Cable


One could comfortably fill a chapter with the contradictory pronouncements of the maritime nations concerning the role of their navies. Any appeal to manifest destiny is naturally nonsense. The Koreans displayed naval prowess — as they still do — centuries before either Americans or Russians had been heard of. Almost as long elapsed before any other Europeans emulated the global reach of the Vikings, still perhaps the most cost-effective sea predators human history knows. Naval ambitions and naval resources rise and fall not only with the balance of power in the world, but also with the variable chemistry of national politics.


Indian Ocean Coastal Defence Aircraft Carrier Central Front Super Power 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Admiral of the Fleet Sergei Gorshkov, The Sea Power of the State (London, Pergamon, 1979), p. 180.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Admiral James D. Watkins, The Maritime Strategy (Annapolis, UN Naval Institute, 1986).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    The Labour Party, Defence Conversion and Costs, London, September 1986, p. 36.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Hervé Coutau-Bégarie, Géostratégie du Pacifique (Paris, Economica, 1987), p. 207.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    Robert Browning, ‘Andrea del Sarto’, The Poems of Robert Browning (Oxford University Press, 1936), p. 132.Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    James Cable, Gunboat Diplomacy 1919–1979 (London, Macmillan, 1981), p. 203.Google Scholar
  7. 14.
    A. A. Gromyko and B. N. Ponomarev, Soviet Foreign Policy, Vol. II, 1945–1980, tr. David Svirsky (Moscow, Progress Publishers, 4th ed., 1981), p. 520.Google Scholar
  8. 15.
    Lieutenant de Vaisseau Robert L. Cogné, ‘France’s Global Reach’, US Naval Institute Proceedings, March 1987.Google Scholar
  9. 17.
    Rear-Admiral J. R. Hill, Maritime Strategy for Medium Powers (London, Croom Helm, 1986), p. 97.Google Scholar
  10. 18.
    Major-General Edward Furdson, ‘Exercise Saif Sareea and Out of Area Operations’, Navy International, March 1987.Google Scholar
  11. 20.
    Secretary of State of Defence, The United Kingdom Defence Programme: The Way Forward (London, HMSO, Cmnd 8288, 1981), p. 8;Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Sir James Cable 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Cable

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